. . A L LE N C O U ISI T Y PUBLIC LIBRARY
3 1833 01746 6092
Digitized by the Internet Archive
T 1 1 E
Vol. VIII, 1905
PUBLISHED BY THE
MEDFORD HISTORICAL SOCIETY
Sign of the Royal Oak Tavern
The Taverns of Medford. John II. Iloope
Illustration : The Fountain House.
A Soldier's Letters, 1776 .
►Strangers in Medford
New Hampshire Soldiers in Medford
Samuel Cushing. Elisha B. Curtis
. . I
Facing page S
Eliza M.Gill. 16
The Medford House ....
The Taverns of Medford. (Concluded.)
John H. Hooper ....
Church Records, — 1713-1721
Medford Amicable Singing Society .
Genealogy of the Francis Family, 1647-1
Charles S. Young
Strangers in Medford. (Continued.)
High Street about 1S20
Gustavus Fisher Guild
Errata . . . . . .
Summer House, Royall Estate, Medford .
The Loyalists of Medford. Grace L. Sargent .
Strangers in Medford. (Continued.)
The Whitmores of Medford and some of their
Descendants. Alice C. Ayres ....
The West End Schoolhouse, Moses Whitcher Mann .
Illustration : The First Schoolhouse in West
Medford ........ Opp. 77
Records of the Revolutionary War. City Archives 78
"Full of Years." Helen T. Wild .... 78
Papers and Addresses, Medford Historical Society,
Types of Buildings in West Medford before
West Medford in 1S70 .
Strangers in Medford. (Continued.)
Captain Isaac Hall ....
Manning Francis .....
I070 Fro ft tisf> iece
. . 9 s
The Two Hundred Seventy-fifth Anniversary . 104
PS : 1
S I C N O F T HE R O Y A L O A K T A V E R N
Is possession of Mr. George T. Porter of Medford.
The Medford Historical Register.
THE TAVERNS OF MEDFORD.
By John II. Hooper.
[Read before the Medford Historical Society, November 21, 190^.]
j/^P *^\ [j^GR many years the most direct route of
-■/■, .: ;■ ;V^./ .' .A' tL land travel from northern and east-
.. .; ;
ern New England to Boston was
through the town of Medford and over
Mystic bridge. This large amount of
travel required more tavern accommo-
dations than were usual to a place of
the size and importance of the town of
Medford. We accordingly find houses
for the entertainment of man and beast
located on all of our principal thorough-
fares, on the roads from Medford to Woburn, from Med-
ford to Maiden, and on the great road to Chadestown,
also in the market-place. Medford taverns acquired a
justly high reputation for their excellent accommoda-
tions even as early as the year 1686.
Mr. John Dunton, who visited Medford in that year,
says: " took Sanctuary in a Public, where there was extra-
ordinary good Cyder, and tho' I had n't such a Noble
Treat as at Captain Jenner's, yet with the Cyder and
such other Entertainment as the House afforded (together
with my Landlord and my Landlady's good company)
I made a very pretty thing on 't. By this time the rain
was over tho' it still remained cloudy : and therefore I
thought it was best taking Time by the Forelock, and
go back to Boston while it held up, there being noth-
ing remarkable to be seen at Meadford, which is but
2 THE TAVERNS OF MED FORD. [Jan.,
a small Village consisting of a few Houses." It would
be of great interest to know at what house Mr. Dunton
was entertained at the time of his visit to Medford.
In early colonial days, any person desiring to keep a
public house of entertainment or to be licensed as an
innholder, a retailer of strong drinks and other liquors,
either in-doors or out, was obliged to obtain from the
selectmen of the town in which he resided a recommend-
ation that he was a suitable person to be licensed, and
this recommendation presented to the Court of General
Sessions of the Peace, was usually favorably acted upon
by the court and a license granted, and the person so
licensed was required to furnish a bond with sureties for
the faithful observance of the law. The form of such
license was as follows: "A. B. is permitted to sell liquors
unto such sober-minded neighbors as he shall think meet,
so as he sell not less than the quantity of a gallon at a
time to one person, and not in smaller quantities by re-
tail to the occasioning of drunkenness." The names of
these licensed persons maybe found in the court records
and files in the office of the Clerk of Courts of Middlesex
county. It is to these court records and files that we
are obliged to look for information concerning the early
tavern keepers of Medford, and these sources of infor-
mation are far from being satisfactory. A careful search
of the records and files fail to show that a public house
of entertainment was licensed in Medford prior to the
year 1690, although from the testimony of Mr. Dunton,
there was an ordinary kept in Medford as early as 16S6.
In the year 1690 the selectmen of Medford addressed
the Court of General Sessions of the Peace as follows :
" The Selectmen of Meadford finding it necessary that
there be a House of Entertainment kept in Meadford,
have nominated and appointed Daniel Woodward to
keep the same and we do present it to this Honored
Court believing you would grant him a license. Mead-
ford the 14th, April, 1690, by order of the Selectmen,
Nath' Wade. John Hall Jim." The court granted Mr.
1905.] THE TAVERNS OF MEDFORD. o
Woodward a license. Where his house was located we
have no means of determining (possibly it was the Willis
Tavern). He kept a tavern in Medford one year only ;
the next year (1691) we find him located in Woburn.
The want of a tavern in the town induced the selectmen
to again address the court. " Meadford June 17, 1691,
Whereas we are destitute of a Public House of Enter-
tainment for strangers ecc. and Mr. Thomas Willis prof-
fering to supply said defect, the Selectmen of Meadford
do allow of his proffer accounting him a fitting man for
that purpose. Nath'. Wade. Stephen Willis. Select-
men of Meadford." The court granted Mr. Willis a
license. Again in the year 1692 the selectmen addressed
the court. "To the Hon. Justices of the Peace at the
Sessions holden 19th, July instant in Charlestown, by the
virtue of a warrant from Mr. SamF Phipps, Clerk, dated
July 7. "92 the Selectmen doe approve of Mr. Thomas
Willis and judge him a meet person to be licensed to
retail beer, Ale, Rum, Syder Sic, and to keep a House
of Public Entertainment for the use of the town and
strangers, dated iS day of July 1692. from your Worships
humble servants, Nath\ Wade, Stephen WilMs, John
Whitmore, Selectmen of Meadford." Mr. Willis was
again granted a license.
The next year (1693) we ^ nc ^ Mr. Willis again licensed.
Where the Willis Tavern was located we can only con-
jecture by the following: Mr. Willis owned land a short
distance west of Marble brook, on the north side of the
way from Medford to Woburn, and at the foot of "Marni
Simonds' .Hill " (this hill was called in the early days
of the plantation, Marabels Hill), and as will hereinafter
appear, this location is the same as that upon which
stood a tavern named at times Pierce's, Usher's and
Putnam's Tavern. The evidence to be submitted shows
conclusively that upon this lot of land stood a house or
houses that were used a good part of the time for over
one hundred years as a place of public entertainment.
When this house was built we have no means of knowing.
4 THE TAVERNS OF MED FORD. [Jan..
Very likely it was built as early as the year 16S6, and
may have been the house at which Mr. Dun ton was enter-
tained in that year. Mr. Willis sold this lot of land with
the buildings thereon in the year 1714 to Mr. Stephen
Hall. Mr. Hal) sold the same year to Mr. John Rich-
ardson, 4th, and Mr. Richardson also sold that same year
to Messrs'. Joseph and Jabez Sargent. The Messrs.
Sargent sold in the year 17 17 to Mr. Nathaniel Pierce,
"taylor and innholder." Who the occupants of this house
were during these years is by no means certain. The
records of the court fail to show that any person was
licensed to keep a public house during the years 1694
and 1695, although it is probable that licenses were
granted. In the year 1696 Mr. John Hail was licensed
to keep a public house, and in the years 1697-8 and 9
Mr. Stephen Hall was licensed to keep a public house.
Again in the year 1700, Mr. John Hall was licensed to
keep a public house. The year 1700 was the last year
that the court issued licenses to keep public houses of
entertainment. Thereafter licensees were known as inn-
holders. In the year 1701 Mr. John Hall, senior, was
licensed as an innholder. It is assumed that the John
Hall licensed in the years 1696 and 1700 was Mr. Hall,
senior. Mr. Hall died in. October, 1701, and from the
year 1702 to 1706, both inclusive, Mr. John Hall (son of
John Hall, senior), was granted an innholder's license.
In the year 1703 Mr. Richard Rookes was also licensed
as an innholder. Mr. Rookes was at this time owner
of part of the brick mansion house formerly of Major
Jonathan Wade, and his tavern was probably near the
present square (perhaps in the brick mansion). He kept
a tavern only one year; then from the year 1707 to 17 18,
both inclusive, Mr. Nathaniel Peirce was licensed as an
innholder. Mr. Peirce, as has been before stated, bought
the estate in the. year 17 1.7. He died in the year 1719.
and in that year and in the years 1720 and 172 1, and
also in the year 1726, his widow, Mrs. Lydia Peirce, re-
ceived an nnholder's license. Up to this date I have
1905.] THE TAVERNS OF MBDFORD. 5
been particular to give in detail the names of those
parties who were granted licenses as innholders, etc., for
the reason that this house appears to have been the first,
and for many years the only, public house (excepting the
Rookes 5 house) in the town of Medford, and these names
appearing in such regular order, leads to the belief that
they may have been occupants of this house.
The Peirces were located here without doubt, still
this evidence, while it seems probable, is by no means
conclusive, for Mr. John Hall, senior, lived on what is
now the comer of High and Allston streets. Mr. Stephen
Hall, his son, probably lived in his father's house, and
Mr. John Hall, junior, lived on the Woburn road, on or
near the spot where the house of the late Mr. Albert
Smith now stands, and they may have done business at
their residences. Let us now consider what evidence
there is to authorize us to believe that the house of Mr.
Willis was the house at which Mr. Dunton was enter-
tained in the year 16S6. At that date there were but
three great highways leading through Medford, viz.: the
highway now known as Grove street, the highway from
Medford bridge to Woburn (part of High street and all
of Woburn street) and the Highway to Maiden (Salem
street). So far as we know the house of Mr. Caleb
Brooks, and possibly the house of Captain Timothy
Wheeler, afterwards that of Mr. Ebenezer Prout, and
still later that of Messrs. John and Stephen Francis,
were the only houses on the first named highway at that
date, and there is no evidence that either of those parties
were ever licensed as tavern keepers. On the highway
from Medford bridge to Woburn were the two houses
of Major Jonathan Wade (one of which was probably
the old Cradock Mansion) and that of Mr. John Brad-
shaw ; nor is there any evidence that these houses were
used as taverns. On the highway to Maiden there was
but a single house, that of Jonathan Tufts near the
Maiden line, and Mr. Tufts was never licensed as an
() THE TAVERNS OF MED FORD. [Jan.,
All the evidence tends to show the probability that
the Willis' house was standing in the year 16S6. This
estate passed from the ownership of the Peirce heirs into
that of Air. William Willis. Mr. Willis was licensed for
many years as a retailer of liquors, and there is every
reason to believe that he occupied this house. In the
year 1742 ' the estate was sold to Mr. Samuel Reaves.
Mr. Reaves was never licensed as an innhold'er or retailer,
and there is no positive evidence that the house was
used as a tavern during his ownership, Mr. John Brad-
shaw, in the first part of the year 1750, kept the Admiral
Vernon Tavern in Charlestown. He removed to Med-
ford and was licensed as an innholder the latter part of
that year, and in the years 1751-52-53. He died in the
year 1753, and his widow, Mercy Bradshaw, was licensed
for the remainder of the year, and the record reads that
she occupied the house formerly of Mr. William Willis.
Mr. Reaves sold in the year 1784 to Mr. Abijah Usher
of Roxbury. In 1792 Mr. Robert Usher was licensed
as an innholder and kept this tavern. He was succeeded
by Messrs. Abijah Usher, Eleazer Usher, Wyman Weston,
Ebenezer Putnam and others.
The estate passed from the ownership of Mr. Usher,
and through many different persons down to the present
day; it is now in the possession of Mr. F. E. Chandler.
This estate has been aptly described as u a well chosen
location for a place of entertainment for tired horses and
thirsty men, at the foot of that sharp rise in the road
known as Marm Simonds' Hill."
A contemporary further described this house as "a
groggy old hole."
THE FOUNTAIN TAVERN.
Under the date of April 29, 1702, Mr. Peter Seccomb
of Medford, bought of Mr. John Bradstreet, two and one-
half acres of land bounded northeast and east on the
road into Charlestown woodiots; southerly on the road
from Maiden to Charlestown ; westerly upon said Brad-
1905.] THE TAVERNS OF MEDFQRD. i
street's other land. Three years later, July 4, 1705, Mr.
Bradstreet sold to Mr. Seccomb an additional lot con-
taining one-half an acre, and this lot of land adjoined the
first on its westerly side and was twenty-eight feet in
width on the road. These two lots comprised the Foun-
tain House estate. This house must have been built
soon after these purchases, for in the year 1713, Mr.
Seccomb was licensed as an innholder, and no doubt
was the first landlord of the Fountain Tavern. In
December of that year he sold his estate to Messrs.
Francis Leath and son, and the place for the first time
was called the Fountain Tavern. Mr. Leath, senior, was
landlord in the year 17 14. During that year the estate
was deeded back to Mr. Seccomb, who immediately sold
to Captain Samuel Wade. In the year 17 15, and for
many years thereafter, Captain Wade was landlord of
this tavern. In the year 1735 he sold the estate to
Messrs. Stephen Hall, junior, Stephen and Simon Brad-
shaw. In the deed the house is spoken of as a dwelling-
house. In the year 1751 Mr. Simon Bradshaw sold one-
half of a house to Mr. Stephen Bradshaw, and it was
described as " at a place formerly called the Fountain."
By this sale Mr. Stephen Bradshaw came into the
possession of the whole estate. Mr. Stephen Hall, junior,
having previously sold his interest in the estate to the
Bradshaw brothers. Mr. Bradshaw sold in the year 1765
to Mr. Jonathan Patten. In the year 1775 ^ lr - Thomas
Bradshaw was licensed as an innholder, and from that
year until the year 1789, lie kept the Fountain Tavern.
In the year 1 795 Mr. Patten's widow sold to Mr. Nathaniel
Hall, from Mr. Hall the estate passed through the owner-
ship of many different persons, clown to the present day.
Some of these owning only one-half of the house. There
is no evidence that this house was used as a tavern from
the year 1734 until the year 1775, when it was occupied
by Mr. Bradshaw, although it is very probable that it
was sometimes used as a place where liquors were sold,
nor is it likely that it was used as a tavern after Mr.
8 THE TAVERNS OF MED FORD [Jan.,
Bradshaw's day. The late Mr. Rufus Sawyer look down
the old building and erected on its site the house now
standing on the easterly corner of Salem and Fountain
THE ROYAL OAK TAVERN.
This tavern stood upon land purchased of Dr. Oliver
Noyes by Mr. Benjamin Willis in the year 17 17. The
estate was described as a house lot near Medford bridge,
bounded west and northwest on the country road ; north-
east on a highway laid out from the country road to land
of Aaron Cleveland; southeast on land of John Hall;
southwest on the wharf and dock. The wharf referred
to was that of Major Jonathan Wade, and also that of
Mr. Matthew Cradock. It was then, as now, at the head
of navigation on the Mystic river. The dock was on
the easterly side of the wharf and was sometimes called
Medford dock. The site of the wharf is now occupied
by the brick building of Mr. Bigelow and by the old
skating-rink building. The following extract from the
printed records of the city of Boston will show the prob-
ability that at this wharf vessels were cleared for sea at
an early date. "Aspinwall Notarial Records. 7(6) 1648
David Sellick a Bill to pay for vessel Susan 3 £ 5 s.
per hund. & Covt. of Lanclet Baker to finish it & mast
it & do the joyners work & to beare halfe the vessels
chardge till cleared belowe the bridge at Mystick. Also
a Bill of sale of J / 2 said vessell from Lanclet Baker to
Mr. Willis was granted a license as an innholder in
the year 1720, and probably built his house soon after
his purchase. He was sometimes called a shopkeeper.
He occupied the estate as an innholder until the year
1730, when he sold the property to Mr. John Bradshaw,
junior, who was the landlord until the year 1740, when
he was succeeded by Mrs. Sarah Floyd. In the year
1748 Mr. Bradshaw sold the estate to Mr. Benjamin
Floyd. From that date to the year 1759, when it was
! ;| f'i (^
Ml lib, AS
£1 .: Jl=
;;-'\: : '-^ ^ I yQ]!! i! < ; ' ; ii
1905.J THE TAVERNS OF MED FORD. 9
sold io Mr. Hugh Floyd, the house was kept by Mr.
Benjamin Floyd and others. From the year 1759 to
1772 Mr. Hugh Floyd kept the tavern the greater part
of the time. In the latter year he sold to Mr. Ebenezer
Hills, who kept the house in the year 1773. ^ lr - Hills,
in the year 1774, sold to Mr. Jonathan Porter. Mr.
Porter was landlord from the year 1774 to 17S6, both
inclusive. He took down the old house soon after, and
built the house now standing on the premises.
The old swinging sign that hung in front of this tavern
is dated 1 769. It is in a good state of preservation, except
that one of the spindles is broken. The emblem and let-
tering is quite distinct, as indeed they might be, as the
sign hung exposed to the weather only seventeen years.
Whether this sign was the original sign of the Royal
Oak Tavern, or only newly painted in the year 1769,
cannot be determined. No doubt the emblem on the
first sign was an oak tree, hence the name "Royal Oak."
The name of the last landlord of the tavern, Jonathan
Porter, was evidently painted over the name of his pre-
decessor. In the upper portion of this sign is a bullet
hole, and on the side opposite from which the bullet
entered, a piece of the sign is slivered off. The angle
of the hole through the sign would seem to indicate that
the bullet was fired from above the level of the sign,
unless the sign was swinging at the time the shot was
fired. There is a tradition that this hole was caused by
a bullet, shot from the musket of one of the Minute Men
on the return of the Medford Company from Lexington,
April 19, 1775. (For further description of the sign see
The late Mr. Francis Bigelow was authority for the
following incident in connection with the house now
standing on the corner of Riverside avenue and Main
street. At the time that Mr. Jonathan Porter took down
the old Royal Oak Tavern and built the house above
referred to, Mr. Benjamin Hall was confined to his house
by sickness. Mr. Hall's house was so situated that his
10 THE TAVERNS OF MED FORD. [Jan..
window overlooked the market-place, and he was much
interested in watching the progress of the building. All
at once an idea occurred to him ; calling his man, he told
him to go and find Mr. Porter and tell him that he had
better set his house up a good height, as the market-
place was low, and that in all probability the grade would
be raised. Mr. Porter heeded the suggestion and set his
building on a high underpinning. An inspection of the
cellar wall of the building on the inside will show that
the grade of the street has been raised all of three feet
in front of the house. I remember the time when four
or five steps were necessary to enter the grocery store
now occupied by Yerxa & Yerxa.
Mr. Bigelow also related the following story in con-
nection with the Royal Oak Tavern and its landlord,
Mr. Jonathan Porter : —
"During the early years of the War of the Revolution,
an English vessel was captured by an American priva-
teer, and the vessel and cargo was brought into the port
of Boston and sold. A portion of the cargo consisted
of Rhine wine, and as there was but little if any demand
for such wine in Boston and vicinity, it was bought by
Mr. Porter for a trifling sum and brought to Medford
and stored in the cellar of the Royal Oak Tavern.
"After the surrender of General Burgoyne at Saratoga,
the captured Hessians were sent to Boston and encamped
in the vicinity. The officers were paroled and allowed
the liberty of the surrounding country. Some of these
officers visiting Medford stopped at the Royal Oak Tav-
ern and were served with some of the captured wine.
As the home of these prisoners of war was in the valley
of the Rhine, they were much pleased to find that they
could obtain their native wine so near their encampment.
On their return to camp they told of their discovery,
with the result that all of the captured wine was disposed
of, to the enjovment of the Hessians and to the profit of
1905.] THE TAVERNS OF MED FORD. 11
THE ADMIRAL VERNON TAVERN.
This tavern stood on the lot of land at the corner of
Main and Swan streets, opposite the Central Fire Sta-
tion, upon land purchased by Mr. Aaron Cleveland in
the year 1717 of the Hon. John Usher. It was a part
of Gov. Winthrop's Ten Hills Farm. As Mr. Cleveland
was granted an innholder's license in the year 1720, this
house must have been built prior to that date. Mr.
Cleveland was the landlord of this tavern from the year
1720 to 1738, both inclusive. In the latter year he sold
the estate to Colonel Isaac Royall, senior. After the
death of Colonel Royall in the year 1739, his son, Colonel
Isaac Royall, junior, came into possession of the property.
From the year 1739 to 1743, both inclusive, the land-
lords of this tavern were Messrs. John Reed, Abraham
Skinner, and Captain Samuel Wade. Under date of
December 26, 1743, Colonel Royall advertised as follows:
" any person beforehanded so as to lay in a good stock
of liquors and other necessaries for a Tavern, may meet
with proper encouragement from Isaac Royall Esq."
(from Brooks' History of Medf or d) This advertisement
was answered by Mr. John Bradshaw, who was a few
years prior to this date the owner and landlord of the
Royal Oak Tavern. Mr. Bradshaw was landlord of the
Admiral Vernon from the year 1744 to about the middle
of the year 1750, when he removed back to Medford.
He was succeeded by Messrs. William Peirce, William
Jones, and others. In the year 1768 Mr. Moses Billings
was licensed as an innholder and took charge of the
Admiral Vernon, where he remained until the year 1777.
In the year 1778, Mr. Edward Walker took charge of
this tavern. He was succeeded by Mr. Benjamin Shaw
and others. Mr. James Tufts was licensed as an inn-
holder at the Admiral Vernon in the year 1792, and was
its landlord from that year to 1801, both inclusive. At
the close of Mr. Tufts' term as landlord, this house be-
came a private dwelling, and so continued until it was
]2 A SOLDIER'S LETTERS, 177s- [Jan.,
destroyed by fire in the year 1850. This house is said
to have been the headquarters of Colonel John Stark of
the New Hampshire Regiment, in the year 1775, and is
supposed to have been the house in which he was chosen
colonel of the regiment by a hand vote. (Prior to 1754
this house was in the Town of Charlestown.)
THE MYSTIC HOUSE.
This house is now standing on Main street, and in
late years was a part of the Mystic Trotting Park estate.
It was built about the year 1847 by Mr. George E.
Adams, who at that time owned and improved the
Adams farm, and was used until the establishment of
Mystic Trotting Park as a private dwelling. It cannot
properly be classed among the taverns of Medio rd,
although the Park proprietors were licensed as inn-
In the year 1758, Mr. Thomas Seccomb sold the estate
upon which the City Hall stands to Mr. Israel Mead.
Mr. Mead was licensed as an innholder from the year
1 759 to the year 1762, both inclusive, and no doubt
kept his tavern in the building then standing on the
[To be Continued.]
A SOLDIER'S LETTERS, 1775.
" To the Wider Judith Winn
in Nottingham West
in the Province of
New hampshire in the
County of hilsborough
Winter hill March the 7 yer 1776
Mother these lines com unto you hooping thay will
find you and all well as J be at prefent through good
Providence and I want you to send Down fom yarn to
1905.] A SOLDIER'S LETTERS, 177s- 13
mend my fockings when you fend my Jacoat we have
no filing at prefent they have Split five mortars 2 men
kild. . . . they have intrenched on Dogester hill. . . .
Camp Winter hill March the 20 yer 1776
... J would inform you that we have got Bunker
hill & Boston and we Do fom expect to go into Boston
foon to be stationed ther foone and J want you mother
if you can make me fom fharts and fom trowses and and
a pare of ftockings and if you can fend me down fom
meet I shall be glad.
New York April the 29 yer 1776
. . . this Day we are a going to imbark abord of a
ship to go to Cobeck and I am very well Please with the
notion and J want you Mother to get what you want for
your chomfort and I want you to Live as comfertable for
what you want and if J Live J will pay for it and we have
a good alowence and I am very well Contented.
And fo no more at Present I would Recommend my-
felf to you and as
A Dutiful Son
Nehemiah Winn died at Bennington, Vt., of camp
fever. He was an uncle of Mrs. Sarah B. (Merrill) But-
ters, daughter of Henry and Bathsheba (Winn), wife of
Jacob Butters of Medford.
The above are extracts taken from original letters in
the possession of Miss Sarah Peasley of Medford, a
granddaughter of Mrs. Butters.
In their simple wording these letters give a little of
the subsequent history of the New Hampshire men who
made Medford their rendezvous after the uprising of
STRANGERS IN MED FORD.
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16 , [Jan..
NEW HAMPSHIRE SOLDIERS IN MEDFORD.
A plain boulder of New Hampshire granite, suitably inscribed,
marks the resting place of the New Hampshire soldiers who fell in
the Battle of Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775, or died of wounds or
disease after the battle.
The monument stands in the old Salem street burying ground,
and was unveiled there with appropriate ceremonies, October 29,
1904. It was selected by Hon. Alvin Burleigh of Plymouth, New
Hampshire, and sent to the Sarah Bradlee Fulton Chapter, Daugh-
ters of the American Revolution of this city, under whose direction
it was lettered, placed in position, and dedicated.
The stone is inscribed as follows : —
In Memory of
New Hampshire Soldiers
Who Fell at Bunker Hill.
Buried in this Town
And Interred in this Spot.
The boulder was the gift of the Sons of the American Revolu-
tion of New Hamshire, and came from Plymouth, N. H., near the
celebrated Indian battle ground of Baker's River.
Short dedicatory exercises were held at the burial ground, and
later the company adjourned to the Royall House, Stark's head-
quarters in 1775, where Mayor Charles S. Baxter greeted the
assembly in the name of the city, and informal addresses were
made by guests.
Miss Eliza M. Gill, through whose efforts the site of the burial
place was identified, read the historical address which is given
Scarcely had the skirmish between the provincials and
the British soldiers taken place on Lexington Green,
April 19th, 1775, before relays of messengers had car-
ried the news throughout New England, and from every
quarter far and near, from farm and village, valley and
hillside, men were hurrying toward Boston ; the minute-
men who had pledged themselves to be ready to start ar
a moment's warning should any such act as had just oc-
curred make it necessary for them to defend their rights
and liberties, even to the shedding of the last drop of
NEW HAMPSHIRE SOLDIERS IN MED FORD 17
From his home to the south came the impetuous
Israel Putnam. Hearing the news the next morning, as
in leather frock and apron he was at work in his field, he
stopped only to arouse the militia, and mounting his
horse in hot haste he travelled one hundred miles in
eighteen hours without changing his horse, and reached
Cambridge 'the next morning before sunrise.
From his home to the north came John Stark in the
same heroic, picturesque way, leaving his sawmill as
Putnam had left the building of a stone wall. As he
hurried along he told his followers to meet him in Med-
ford on the banks of the Mystic. Soon after these men
came thronging in, until nearly two thousand had gath-
ered here. Some returned home, others came back alter
arranging their affairs, and some of these joined Massa-
chusetts regiments, while men of this province joined
regiments of the New Hampshire line, among the latter
being a few from this town.
By three ways these men may have entered Medford ;
by the road from Maiden, or the Salem highway as it
was called, this one directly in front of us, or by the
Stoneham or Woburn roads. The former meeting the
Salem road a little to the east of us and the Woburn
road meeting High street to our west, High street and
the Salem road converging at the market place ; and just
across the river the tide of travel from these passed over
the road to Charlestown, the present Main street, and
thence to Boston.
Over the Woburn road, probably, came the Exeter
men, who we know came by way of Haverhill and An-
dover. Medford thus became a part of the stage whereon
was enacted the military drama by the Continental Army,
the grand finale of which was the evacuation of Boston
by the British. A portion of the left wing was upon
Winter Hill in the southern part of the town. Men
from other provinces than New Hampshire were here
either permanently or for a short time ; a company under
Captain Sawyer from Wells in the district of Maine,
18 NEW HAMPSHIRE SOLDIERS IN MED FORD. [Jan.,
being stationed here eight months. Young Henry
Dearborn of your state stopped here with his men on
the night of June 16th, and early the next morning-
marched to Winter Hill. Benedict Arnold, of less
pleasant memory, from Connecticut, on September 13th,
1775, encamped here for the night with a detachment of
men from Cambridge. In Arnold's famous expedition
through the wilderness Dearborn accompanied him.
What an exciting time there must have been in this
little town until after the evacuation of Boston and the
withdrawal of the army from Cambridge ! It was on the
direct route to Cambridge, and scores of men and sol-
diers were constantly passing through back and forth,
Over these New Hampshire men John Stark was
made colonel by a hand vote ( ardent partisans, it is
said, holding up both hands) in a tavern hall called after-
wards New Hampshire hall. This was probably in the
Admiral Vernon Tavern, a few rods over the bridge on
the east as you go toward Charlestown, the site of which
will later be pointed out to you.
In this tavern, the Admiral Vernon, Colonel Stark
for awhile had his headquarters, and later removed to the
elegant and roomy mansion of Colonel Isaac Royall, who
precipitately left his fine estate three days before the
battle of Lexington. Charles Lee called this mansion
Hobgoblin Hall and found it so luxurious that Washing-
ton ordered him to remove from it.
There are no records telling where these soldiers
camped, but tradition has it, to which we loyally hold,
that the place of their encampment was in this immedi-
ate vicinity. Medford, the "peculiar town "of the early
days of the plantation was at this period but a small
town, its inhabitants being not many over nine hundred.
The lands, in truly English fashion, as even to still
later times, were, in large holdings controlled by few, and
at this time without doubt, here in front of us the land
stretched out far away in green pastures. Here they
could have pitched their tents or built barracks which
i<P5-J NEW HAMPSHIRE SOLDIERS IN MEDFORD, 10
may have been like those described by Rev. William
Emerson, an army chaplain, grandfather of Ralph Waldo
Emerson. He says of the camps about Prospect Hill,
" They are as different in their form as the owners are in
their dress, and every tent is a portraiture of the temper
and taste of the persons who encamp in it. Some are made
of boards and some of sailcloth ; some partially of one
and partly of the other. Again, others are made of stone,
or turf, brick and brush. Some are thrown up in a
hurry;, others are enviously wrought with doors and
windows, done with wreathes and withes, in the manner
of a basket."
They may have been quartered upon the people of the
town, and found here as on the way hither, as we are
told, " hospitable doors opened to them and all things in
common." Later, there may have been vacant houses
in which they could take shelter, for Abigail Adams,
writing under date of " 25 June, 1775," concerning the ex-
citement attending the battle of Bunker Hill, says, "Med-
ford people are all removed. Every seaport seems in
The British had ships and floating batteries in the
Mystic river, which flows through the centre of our city,
and the following from Mr. Nowell's diary, as given by
Rev. Charles Brooks in his History of Medford, shows
the excitement and perturbation the inhabitants were
subject to and serves to explain the reason why many
found it preferable to remove from their homes rather
than remain under conditions so trying, unsafe and dis-
turbing: "Aug. 6, 1775: Skirmishing up Mistick River.
Several Soldiers brought over here wounded. The house
at Penny Ferry, Maldenside burnt." "August 13. —
Several gondaloes sailed up Mistick River, upon which
the Provincials and they had a skirmish ; many shots
exchanged but nothing decisive." One historian speak-
ing of Charlestown at this period says, " So great were
the alarm and distress in that thriving suburban village
of Boston that it was almost deserted. Its population of
20 NEW HAMPSHIRE SOLDIERS IN MEDFORD. [Jan..
two thousand seven hundred was reduced to about two
Within a very short distance of each other several
taverns opened hospitable doors to all. The reason of so
small a town being so liberally supplied with hostelries
was that for more than a century all the travel and team-
ing from New Hampshire and northeastern Massachusetts
passed through here on the way to Boston, and quite likely
here was the last stop before entering the great town. On
the Salem road was the Fountain Tavern, the site of
which is but a short distance from here, with its inviting
•sign of punch pouring from a fountain into a great bowl.
In the market place near by was the Royal Oak, and
just over the bridge on the east was the Admiral Vernon
previously mentioned, while at the West End another
was favorably located for travelers over the Woburn
Young David Osgood, only a few months before in-
stalled as minister of this town, became chaplain to your
New Hampshire men.
Of the Battle of Bunker Hill and the work done by
the stalwart sons from the province of New Hampshire
at the rail fence it is not my place to speak. It is your
history, and of it perhaps you will tell us later today. It
is generally conceded that we lost possession of the Hill,
but a soldier of your state whose letter I have had the
pleasure of reading, wrote home, " Yesterday we took
Buncher Hill," and modern Miss Boston, when the visit-
ing Englishman boasted of his countrymen's victory, re-
plied, "But we've got the Hill ! "
Of our own purely local history, though it has much
to interest the stranger, I shall only tell how the woman of
heroic character whose name our chapter proudly bears,
helped to dress the wounds and minister to those soldiers
who were brought here after the battle to an open field near-
by her home; and further let me call your attention to the
single monument in this ancient God's Acre, whose in-
scription gives a brief outline of the life of John Brooks,
1905.] NEW HAMPSHIRE SOLDIERS IX MEDFORD. 21
the Medford bov who was friend of Lafayette and
Washington and governor of this Commonwealth. We
are justly proud of him for the dignity of his character
and his three-fold able service along military, civic and
medical lines. You may see his face portrayed in Trum-
bull's picture of the surrender of Burgoyne in the rotunda
of the Capitol at Washington.
Colonel Stark in a letter to Matthew Thornton, who
was president of a Provincial Convention at Exeter, New
Hampshire, addressed a letter to him there, two days
after the battle stating that "Major McClary was killed by
a cannon-ball and Captain Baldwin and Lieutenant Scott
by small arms." He further furnished the following: —
" The whole number, including officers,
killed and missing, 15
He also transmitted the account of Reed's losses, at
the desire of the latter.
This letter of Stark may have been written at the
Admiral Vernon Tavern or at the Royali House.
Major Andrew McClary of Epsom was killed by a
cannon-ball from a vessel after he had come to Medford
to procure bandages for the wounded and was returning
over Charlestown Neck. He was of Colonel Stark's
regiment and was brought here and "interred with the
honors of war." Our local historian, Rev. Charles
Brooks, says, " He lies about fifty or sixty rods north of
the old burying ground," also that " twenty-five of the
general's men who had been killed were brought here
and buried in the field about fifty or sixty rods north
of Gravelly Bridge."
The late John Russell found bones there, in 1849, when
engaged in digging for a cellar and fence at a point
almost directly in front of us. That the finding was a
matter of interest is indicated by the fact that instead of
tossing them aside he took them to his home, where'
22 NEW HAMPSHIRE SOLDIERS IN MEDFORD. [Jan.,
many people went to see them. What disposition was
made of them is told by this record from the report of
the selectmen, 1848-49: "Gash paid Jacob Brooks for
burying box of bones from land of N. H. Bishop, sup-
posed to be the bones of Revolutionary soldiers, $2.50."
Further evidence of the interest in this matter is found
in the fact that Jacob Brooks, the town sexton, a few
years later, when his grandson was assisting him in mow-
ing the grass here, told the boy the story, and pointed
out the spot with the admonition, " Remember what 1
tell you. Some time some one will want to know."
If the story of the finding of these bones remained in
people's memory the place where they were re-interred
seems to have been forgotten. When the committee
was jointly appointed by the Medford Historical Society
and Sarah Bradlee-Fulton Chapter, D. A. R., to locate
the graves of Medford's Revolutionary patriots, soldiers
and civilians, in order to place S.A.R. markers upon them,
it was suggested that a marker be placed for these New
Hampshire men, but the spot could not be identified at
first. The place was at last happily located by the
grandson of Mr. Brooks before mentioned, Mr. J. W.
Vining of this city, who came to this burying ground
and pointed out the spot, repeating the words his grand-
father had said to him years before, " Remember what I
tell you. Some time some one will want to know/'
Strangely enough the question had never before been
asked him, and he had never before repeated the story.
April 19, 1898, the Medford Historical Society placed
thirty S. A. R. markers upon graves in this city, most of
them here, and each succeeding Memorial Day since it
has been the pleasant privilege of this chapter to add to
each marker an American flag and a laurel wreath.
In 1900 the stone opposite, which was formerly the
doorstone of her home on Fulton street (a name given
in her honor to what had been the Stoneham road ), was
erected and dedicated to Mrs. Fulton.
How closely woven have been the interest and history
1905.] NEW HAMPSHIRE SOLDIERS IN MEDFORD. 23
of New Hampshire and Massachusetts from the time
they were British provinces to the time of independent
statehood! The Rev. Samuel McClintock, Colonels
James Reed and Enoch Poor were all Massachusetts
born, adopted citizens of your state. The former was
born in this very town, an army chaplain, present at the
battle of Hunker Hill, whose face may be seen in another
of Trumbull's pictures, that magnificent one that so stirs
you with its power, " The Battle of Bunker Hill." He
appears there as the " clergyman in bands." The mili-
tary service of Reed and Poor you know too well for us
to tell you. To the latter the S. A. R. of New Jersey
have this present month dedicated a memorial.
Captain Isaac Baldwin, one of Stark's men who fell
in the great battle, was spoken of as an officer of merit,
and we are pleased to have in our chapter membership
one of his descendants.
Colonel Dearborn, Daniel Webster and Henry Wilson
reversed the conditions of birthplace and citizenship,
being New Hampshire born and honored citizens in our
Now, today we join in a common cause with a com-
mon interest, and gratefully dedicate this boulder, the
gift of the S. A. R. of New Hampshire to the memory
of those men who gave up their lives for the sake of a
noble cause on that never-to-be-forgotten day, on yonder
hill, June 17th, 1775; and how fitting that Sarah Bracllee-
Fulton should lie in death opposite those to whom she
ministered in life, while nearby to both sleeps David
Osgood who ministered to her spiritual wants and theirs.
ELIZA M. GILL.
Note. — It is probable that more men were buried in Medford than the t%venty-five who are
interred near the memorial boulder. In order to include all such, the names of the twenty-five
with one_ exception being unknown, the stone was dedicated to the memory of forty-one New
Hampshire soldiers who fell at Bunker Hill, or died a few days later as the result of wounds
received there. The names read were taken from the list prepared by Mr. George C. Gilrnore
of Manchester, New Hampshire, and with the addition of few more are the same as thos'~ in-
scribed on the Bunker Hill Memorial Tablets, Winthrop Square, Charlestowu.— E. M. G.
24 . [Jan., 1905.
Samuel Gushing, a member of this society, and familiar
figure in this community for fifty-four years, passed into
the great beyond from his home on Pleasant street, May
21, 1904, in his seventy-ninth year.
He was a native of Cohasset, and came of stock that is
traced back to Puritan origin. He was connected with
the heroes of the American Revolution through his
great-grandfather, Capt. Job Gushing of Cohasset, who
raised a company and marched from Hingham, and was
with Washington at Valley Forge during the trying
winter of 1777.
After serving the usual apprenticeship Mr. Gushing
worked in the Navy Yard at Charlestown and in sev-
eral of the yards on our famous old Ship street, from
whence the Medford clipper ships, for Californian trade,
were in such great demand.
Mr. Gushing was twice married, and by the first union
had three sons, two of whom survive him, Hiram C.
Gushing of Pasadena, Gal, and Walter F. Gushing.
If, at times, he was abrupt and outspoken and severely
critical, still he was a good citizen and had qualities to
offset this peculiarity. In his latter years, and especially
during his long illness, he became softened in spirit and
entirely reconciled to the teachings of Scripture, whose
terms he gladly accepted.
ELISHA B. CURTIS.
=r=5=^=!E^fi-*i-? l ".»
a % 1 f-. -, i g Un ■
■ ; if 5
The Medford Historical. Register,
THE TAVERNS OF MEDFORD.
By John H. Hooper.
[Read before the Medford Historical Society, November 21, 1904.]
Continued from Vol. VIII., No. 1.
THE BLANCHARD TAVERN.
This house was built about the year 1752 by Mr. Ben-
jamin Parker, at one time treasurer of the town of
Medford. By deed dated June 6, 1752, Mr. Jonathan
Tufts sold to Mr. Parker one-half acre of marshland,
bounded easterly on the county road ; southerly on land
of Merrow ; westerly on land of said Tufts, and northerly
on Mystic river. Tin's lot of land is the same as that
26 THE TAVERNS OF MED FORD. [April,
lately occupied by Messrs. Page & Curtin, and also that
occupied by Mr. John Crowley. The whole property
has been taken by the Metropolitan Park Commissioners
for a parkway. The land described as that of Merrow
is the same as that upon which now stands the paint
shop in the possession of Mr. Nathaniel Ames. In the
year 1753 Messrs. Ebenezer Merrow and Thomas Welsh
were fined "for setting up a fence on the highway be-
tween said Merrow s dwelling house and Medford river,
ten rods in length." This fence extended across the
whole front of the Parker lot, completely shutting him
off from the highway. It is perhaps not generally known
that when the inhabitants of the town of Charlestown
sold the lot of land upon which stands the Central Fire
Station and the Symmes' buildings, they also sold with
it "a two pole way leading down to the river above the
upper side of the bridge, bounded easterly upon the
Country Road 10^ poles." This sale by the town of
Charlestown was the foundation of the claim of Mr.
Merrow, but the two pole way had then become a part
of the common highway and Mr. Merrow's encroachment
made him liable to a fine. A part of this passage to the
river was filled up in the year 18S0 when the present
stone bridge was built. The estate remained in the
Parker family until the year 1776, when it was sold to
Mr. Hezekiah Blanchard, and the house on the lot was
called a dwelling house. None of the Parker family
were innholders, and Mr. Blanchard did not take out a
license as one until the year 1780. From the year 1753
to 1780, Mr. Blanchard was licensed as a retailer of
liquors, and the record says that he kept his shop in the
house of Mr. Benjamin Parker. After the purchase of
this estate by Mr. Blanchard he improved the building
by the addition of a dancing hall (the hall was in the
second story in. the corner next the river), calling it
Union Hall. When this addition was made it is impos-
sible to determine.
In the Columbian Centinal of Boston, September 3,
1905-] THE TA VBJRNS OF MED FOND. 27
1796, the following advertisement appears: " Union Hall,
Medford, is now completely fitted up for the reception
of large companies, with every convenience to promote
festivity and happiness, the house is furnished with the
best of Wine, Porter and other Liquors and every kind
of refreshment called for can be supplied, Tea, Coffee
&c. provided either morning or evening and those who
are fond of an afternoon's excursion for amusement and
exercise can be accommodated to their minds, the dis-
tance from Boston is about 5 miles, a distance not so
long as to occasion fatigue and long enough to promote
exercise, the commands of the Public are respectfully
requested and every exertion shall be made to give pleas-
ure and satisfaction to every guest by their humble serv-
ant Hezekiah Blanchard, who also manufactures the best
of Spirits and will sell them by wholesale or retail at
During the latter days of the occupancy of this build-
ing as a tavern there was suspended from the ceiling in
the centre of the dancing hall the model of a full rigged
man of war (the Chesapeake), and upon its flag was in-
scribed the dying words of Commodore Lawrence, "Don't
give up the ship." A sign post with a swinging sign
and the inscription " Union Hall, H. Blanchard," with
a foul anchor as its emblem, stood at the southerly end
of the building. Prior to the year 1804, when Craxlock
bridge was first provided with a draw, the road and land
in that vicinity was about three feet lower than at pres-
ent, and on high courses of the tide it was not uncom-
mon for people to float around in boats in the road and
upon these premises. This house was one of the most
popular houses in the vicinity of Boston, and many
sleighing and dancing parties were among its guests. It
was also a common rendezvous for the people of Med-
ford, and all the current events of the day were discussed
over a plentiful supply of Blanchard's own manufacture.
On that part of the land adjoining the road and river
was a grocery* store and in the rear stood a small distil-
28 THE TAVERNS OF MED FORD. [April,
lery. Mr. Blanchard's last year as landlord was in the
year 1S00. (He died in the year 1803.) He was suc-
ceeded by his son, Hezekiah Blanchard, junior. Heze-
kiah, junior, died in the year 1818 and was succeeded
by Messrs. Isaac W. Blanchard, Samuel Blanchard,
and others. The Blanchard heirs sold the estate in
the year' 1833 to Mr. Joseph James, who in company
with Mr. Milton James, established a lumber yard on
the premises. A portion of the old tavern building was
sold to Mr. Jacob Butters, who removed it to another
location on Main street and fitted it up into a double
dwelling house; it is now standing opposite the head
of Mystic avenue, and is numbered 133 and 135 Main
street. The old tavern was the headquarters of the
Medford and Boston Stage Coach, Samuel Blanchard,
THE MEDFORD HOUSE.
This house stands upon land purchased in the year
1803 by Mr. Andrew Blanchard of Mr. Ebenezer Hall,
2d. It was part of a tract of land purchased by Colonel
Royall of Mr. Jonathan Tufts in the year 1755, and
devised by him to his daughter, Herriot Pepperell, and
by her sold to Mr. Hall in the year 1800. The house
was probably built by Mr. Blanchard in the year 1804.
It was opened as a hotel in the year 1805, and was known
as the Medford Hotel. Its first landlord was Mr. John
Jaquith. He was succeeded by his widow, Mrs. Eliza-
beth Jaquith, and by Messrs. Seth Mayo, Rufus Frost,
Samuel Kendall, Moses Jaquith, A. Proctor, and others.
On May 11, 1835,3 company of thirty-five gentlemen
and one lady formed an association known by name of
the Medford Hotel Association, for the purpose of pur-
chasing certain lands and tenements situated in Medford,
to be used and occupied as a hotel. The capital stock
consisted of one hundred eighty-three shares, par value
per share, one hundred dollars.
r 905.3 THE TAVERNS OF MED FORD. 29
. of Shares.
No. of Shares.
Nathaniel II. Bishop,
Andrew Blanchard, Jr.,
Francis R. Bigelow,
John W. Mulliken,
Thatcher Magoun, Jr.
Joseph and Milton James,
Joseph Manning, Jr.,
Waterman & Ewell,
George W. Porter,
George L. Stearns,
Isaac and James Wellington, 2
Thomas R. Peck,
S. P. Heywood, •
Isaac H. Haskins,
James O. Curtis,
B. M. Clark,
Thomas II. Floyd,
Under this association,
, which had for its main pur
the keeping of a
ranee house, the building
enlarged. In the upper story of the ell was a large and
commodious dance hall. The first landlord under this
new arrangement was Mr. Marcus Whitney, and he was
succeeded by Messrs. David Carleton and James Bride.
The movement for the keeping of a temperance house
failed, and in the year 1845 the estate was sold to Mr.
Augustus Baker, who kept the house for many years.
He was succeeded by Messrs. A. J. Emerson, Peter A.
Garvey, Daniel K. Emerson, Charles H. Day and J. F.
Folsom. The house is at the present time under the
management of F. M. Viles, and is known as the Medford
THE COLUMBIA HOUSE.
On Main street, nearly opposite Royal street, stood a
house called the. Columbia House. It was first kept as
a public house by Mr. Augustus Baker, who afterwards
was landlord of the Medford House. At the time Mr.
Baker purchased the Medford House, Mr. James Bride
30 THE TAVERNS OF MED FORD. [April,
was its landlord. When Mr. Baker look possession of
that house, Mr. Bride removed to the Columbia House,
vacated by Mr. Baker. The Columbia House was after-
wards used as a private dwelling. A few years ago it
was removed to a court, leading from Mystic avenue,
and after being cut into two parts, was remodeled, and
these are now used as tenement houses.
SIMPSON S HOTEL.
The brick house standing on the north side of High
street was built in the year 1756, by Mr. Thomas Sec-
comb, upon land purchased by Mr. Seccomb of Philip
Carteret, the deed being dated May 20, 1755. It was
formerly known as the Seccomb House. It was occupied
for many years by Mr. David Simpson, and kept as a
public house, and was then known as Simpson's Hotel.
(Mr. Simpson opened this house as a public house about
the year 1866.) It is now occupied by several depart-
ments of the city of Medford.
THE CANAL HOUSE.
This house stood upon the banks of the Middlesex
Canal and at the northwest corner of Boston avenue and
Arlington street. It was opened and chiefly used as a
stopping place for persons employed in navigating the
canal. Among its landlords were Messrs. Bowen Cre-
hore, Darius Wait, Joseph Wyatt and Jeremiah Gil son,
This house has been removed from its original location,
remodeled into tenement houses, and these are now
located at the foot of Canal street.
There were many persons licensed as innholders from
the year 1690 to the year 1831, whose places of business
cannot be located. It is hardly fair, however, to speak
of such places as taverns, for they were only saloons for
the sale of liquors, and the same may also be said of
some of those previously mentioned.
THE TAVERNS OF MED FORD.
The following is a list of persons licensed as inn-
holders in Medford, from the year 1690 to the year 1831,
both inclusive : —
Adams, Benjamin, 1756.
Bascom, Henry L., 1822, 1S23.
Billings, Mo?es, 176S, 1769, 1770,
1771, 1772, 1773. 1774, 1775, 1776,
Blanchard, Hezekiah, 17S0, 17S1,
1782,1783,1784, 1785,1786, 1787,
17SS, 17S9, 1790, 1791, 1792, 1793,
i794> *795> *79 6 > *797^ 179S, 1799,
Blanchard, Hezekiah, jr., 1801, 1S02,
Blanchard, Hezekiah,* 1S04. 1805,
1S06, 1S07, 1S0S, 1809, 1 810, 181 1,
1S12, 1S13. 1S14, 1S15, iS 16, 1S17,
Blanchard, Isaac W., 1S19, 1S20.
Blanchard, Samuel, 1829, 1S30, 1831.
Bossee, Thomas, 17S1.
Bradshaw, John, Jr., f 1730, 1731 , 1732,
i/33' i*734> *735-
Bradshaw, John, 1736, 1737, 1 73S,
1739, 1740, 1750 (part of the year),
1 75 l '> J 7S 2 > x 753-
Bradshaw, Mercy, 1753, 1 755.
Bradshaw, Thomas, 1775, 1776, 1777,
I77 8 - *779i x 75o. 17S1, 17S2, 17S3,
1784, 17S5, 17S6, 17S7, 17S3, 1789,
Brooks, James Vv\, 1824, 1825.
Brooks, Thomas, 1785, 1786. 17S7.
Crehore, Bowen, 1S17, 1818, 1S19,
Curtis, Eliphaz, 1807.
Curtis, Lebeus, 1811.
Dexter, George B., 1826, 1827, 182S.
Dodge, William, 1769.
Doggett, Isaac, 1754.
Floyd, Hugh, 1754, 1755, 1759, 1760,
1761, 1762, 1763, 1764, 1.765, 176G,
1767, 1770, 1771, 1772."
Floyd, Sarah, 174 1, 1742, 17.43, x 744>
x 745> i/4^ ! 747: i74 8 -
Francis, John, Jr., 1 7 17, 1718, 1719,
1720, 172 1 , 1726.
Francis, Capt. Thomas, 17S3, 17S4.
Frost, Rufus, 1S11.
Goldthwait, Benjamin, 1760.
Goldthwait, Charity, 1761.
Hall, John, Jr., 1702, 1703, 1704, 1705,
Hall, John, Sr., 1696, 1700, 1701.
Hall, Stephen, 1697, 169S, 1699.
Hawkes, Jonathan, 1755, 1756, 1757,
Hills, Ebenezer, 1773.
Hyde, James, 1S1S, 1S19, 1S20.
Jaquith, Elizabeth, 1S0S, 1S09.
Jaquitb, John, 1805, 1S06.
Jaquith, Moses, 1S26, 1827.
Johnson, Josiah, 1S05. 1S06, 1S07,
1S0S, 1809, 1810.
Jones, William, 1762, 1763, 1764. 1765,
Kendall, Samuel, 1S2S, 1S29, 1830,
Kimball. John, 1754.
King, Isaiah, 1820.
Lathe, Francis, 1714.
Lealand, Abner, 175S. 1759.
Mayo, Seth, 1S12, 18/3. 1814, 1815,
* 1S16, 1817, 1818.
Mayo, Seth and Rufus Frost, 1810.
Mead, Israel, 1759, 1760, 1761, 1762,
Moore, Augustus, 176S.
Peirce, Lydia, 1719, 1720, 1721. 1726.
Peirce, Nathaniel, 1707, 170S, 1709,
1710, 1711, 1712, 1713, 1714, 1715,
1716, 1717, 1718.
Perham, Daniel, 1S12, 1S13.
Porter, Jonathan, 1774, 1775;, 177°,
I777i i>7S, 1779? J 7So, 17S1, 1782.
*7 8 3? I 7 8 4> 178S1 '7 S ^-
Putnam, Ebenezer. 1S13, 1S14, iSiv
1816, 1S17, 1818, 1S21.
Rogers, Philip P., 1S27.
Rookes, Richard, 1703.
♦See Hezekiah Blanchard, Jr.
tjohn Bradshaw and John, Jr. one and the same person.
32 CHURCH RECORDS,— 1713-1721. [April,
Scolly, Benjamin, 1738. Usher, Robert, 1792, 1793.
Seccomb, Peter, 1713, 1 7 1 7. Wade, Samuel, 1715, 1716, 1 7 1 7. 171S,
Shaw, Benjamin, 17S0. J 7 1( > *72 2 » 1723. *7 2 4-
Skinner, Jacob, 1S21, 1S22, 1S23. Wait > Darius, 1813, 1S14.
Stearns, Charles, 1S24, 1S25. Walker, Edward, 177S, 1779.
Stevens, Thomas, 1S21. Weston, Wyman, 1799, 1S00, iSoi,
Taylor, Timothy, 1755, 1756, 1757.
Turner, John, ^1749, 1750, 1751, 1752,
1S02, 1S03, 1S04, 1S05.
Whitmore, Francis, 1759.
Willis, Benjamin, 1720, 1721, 17
Tufts, James, 1791, 1792, 1793, 1794, J7J3. W. WW^ 1727, 172S,
I795i 179^5 i797r i79 s « *799> lSoo ? J " i5 '
1S01. Willis, Thomas, 1691, 1692, 1693.
Usher, Abijah, 1795, 1796, 1797. Woodward, Daniel, 1690.
Ubher, Eleazer, 179S, 1799. Wjatt, Samuel, 1819, 1820.
CHURCH RECORDS, — 1713-1721.
The following list comprises the persons who were
admitted to full communion in the church at Meclford
during the ministry of Rev. Aaron Porter.
In the church records, under date of November iS,
175 1, Mr. Turell wrote that at that time only John
Willis, Benjamin Teal, and Benjamin Parker "remained"
1713, June 14, Stephen Francis, sen.
Stephen Willis, jun.
Isaac Farewell. Elizabeth Farewell, -wife of Isaac.
Rebeccah, wife of William Willis.
1714, June 6, Susannah Porter, wife to Aaron Porter.
Nov. 21, John Tufts, sen.
1715, Jan. 2, Mary Leatherby, wife to Stephen Leatherby.
Feb. 13, Peter Wait. Sarah Wait, wife to Peter Wait.
Hannah Sargent, wife to Joseph Sargent.
May 8, Hannah Seccomb, wife to Peter Seccomb.
June 12, Hannah Larrence.
1716, April, John Willis.
Elizabeth Alberry, wife to John Alberry.
May 13, Ephraim Leatherby (dismissed).
1718, Mar. 16, Benjaminn Teal. Anna Teal, wife to Benjamin Teal.
April 27, Benjamin Parker.
Abigail Patten, wife to William Patten,
July 20, Rebeccah Willis, wife to Jno. Willis.
Oct. 12, Elizabeth Francis, wife to Jno. Francis.
Mary Parker, wife to Benjamin Parker.
17 19, May 10, Jonathan Tufts, jun.
Sarah Tufts, wife to Jonathan Tufts.
1721, Oct. 15, John Grattan.
1905.] MEDFORD AMICABLE SINGING SOCIETY. 33
MEDFORD AMICABLE SINGING SOCIETY.
[Document on file in office of City Clerk of Medford, Massachusetts.]
We, the subscribers hereunto being desirous of better
informing ourselves in the art of singing, do agree to
form ourselves into a society for that purpose, to be
known by the name of the Medford Amicable Singing
Society, and we further agree to observe and be governed
by the following articles : —
Art. ist. There shall be a chorister chosen by the
society, whoes duty it shall be to lead and instruct the
said society- in the art of singing to the best of his abili-
ties, and we on our part agree to be under the said
Chorister's direction in all our performances of musick,
with an intent to make ourselves as respectable as posa-
ble in the object of our undertaking.
Art. 2D. There shall be three meetings in each
week of said society for four weeks from Sunday next, to
be held on Tuesday, Thursday and Sunday evenings,
and we each of us agree to attend such meetings punctu-
ally unless some unforseen circumstance should take
place which shall make such meeting very inconveniant
for us, and we further agree to do every thing in our
power to unite, encourage, cherish, strengthen & har-
monize said society, and promote the intentions of the
institution — and after the expiration of the four weeks,
we will meet at such times as a majority of the society
shall from time to time agree upon.
Art. 3D. We each of us agree to set in the singing
seats in the Medford meeting house every Sunday for
one year from the date of these articles, when we can
conveniently attend public worship, unlefs on particular
occasions it shall be excusable to set elsewhere in said
meeting house, provided however, the expenses which
will necessarily arise in carrying the intentions of said
society into effect, can be defrayed without any expense
to any individual of said society other than their time.
34 MBDFORD AMICABLE SINGING SOCIETY. [April,
Art. 4th. there shall be a standing committee chosen
for the purpose of selecting such tunes as the society
will perform in the meeting house generally, also for the
purpose of selecting the tunes to be sung each Sunday.
Art. 5'rn. There shall be a committee chosen to
wait on Doct r Osgood to request him to favour the
society with the Psalms & Hymns he intends reading
on Sundays, in each week preceeding sunday as early in
the week as he can with convenience.
Art. 6th. There shall be a committee chosen for
the purpose of giving invitations to persons who are
singers, who may hereafter come into town to reside,
that the said committee may judge will be advantagious
to the said society, and it is to be understood to be the
wish of said society that no singer now belonging or
living in Medford shall be invited into this society by
any member thereof other than what may be expressly
authorized by these articles — but notwithstanding this
article, it is not intended to prevent any member from
asking his friend into the society occasionally as they
may have chance to call on them, provided they do not
belong in Town.
Art. 7.T-H. On a proposition being made to admit
into the society any singer belonging to town, such prop-
osition having the support of two thirds of the members
of said society present at any of their stated meetings,
the person so proposed and supported, shall be notified
by the secratary immediately of the vote of invitation
stating also, if they accept the invitation, where they are
requested to meet the society.
Art. 8th. It is requested that in case any circum-
stance should happen that any member should wish to
leave the society, that he would make his request known
to the secratary of said society that they may honourably
vote him a discharge.
Art. 9th. Any member conducting himself improp-
erly in the Judgment of the society it shall be in the
power of the majority to excommunicate him, and he,
1905.J MEDFORD AMICABLE SINGING SOCIETY. 35
when so excommunicated by a vote of the majority, shall
not be admitted into the society.
Art. 10. There shall be a secratary chosen whose
duty it shall be to keep in a Book, to be kept for the use
of the society, a record of the proceedings of the society,
and make a record of each members name belonging to
the society, and to draw all orders on the Treasurer,
which the said society may direct.
Art. 11. There shall be a treasurer chosen whose
duty it shall be to receive all monies paid for the use of
the society, and to pay over the same to the order of the
secratary as aforesaid, also to keep a record of all monies
received as aforesaid also of all monies paid out and for
what paid for.
Art. 12. The foregoing articles shall be subject to
revision at all times when two thirds of the members of
said society shall think proper. \ 6913303
Accepted March 15, 18 15.
Gershom Tufts James T. Floyd, Jr.
Gabriel Fullerton Jon a Harrington
Henry Withington James Francis, 2d.
Ephraim Bailey Andrew Perkins
James T. Floyd Samuel D. Hadley
James Tufts Seth Mayo
Patrick Roach Darius Wait
Flias Tufts Benjamin Floyd, 3d.
Sam 1 Phelps Dexter Blodget
Thomas Calf ladies.
Edward Bradbury Charity Fullerton
William Butters Anna Blodget
Daniel Copland Rebecca Floyd
The forgoing is a copy of the constitution M. A. Sing-
ing society, with the names subscribed, and the following
is a list of names who have had billets of invitation to Join
the society by the unanimous vote of the said society,
who have accepted the invitation as we the subscribers
MEDFORD AMICABLE SINGING SOCIETY. [April,
Benjamin Pratt, Jr
Nath 1 Fessenden
James W. Brooks
E ma line Wyman
Esther W. Merrill
making in all forty nine
To the selectmen of the Town of Medford
We the subscribers, a committee chosen from the
within named M. A. S. society for the purpose of mak-
ing a statement, of the intentions and situation of said
society as well as a statement of the assistance they
think they must have to enable them to carry their in-
tentions into execution ; beg leave to state to you gen-
tlemen, that the society think that, in case they carry
into effect their intentions agreeing with the principles
of the foregoing constitution, they will want at least fifty
dollars, and it is further calculated that it is actually
necessary to have twenty five dollars immediately, as it-
is found necessary under existing circumstances to pro-
cure one and a half dozen of singing books of the eleventh
Edition of the village harmony* which probably will cost
fifteen dollars, and that we want room & lights, beside
other expences which will occur unavoidably which we
think must certainly take the remaining ten dollars so
that sum of twenty five dollars will probably satisfy for
the expenses of said society till they may want to meet
1905.] GENEALOGY OF THE FRANCIS FAMILY. 37
for practice next fall as existing circumstances of late
has made the formation of the said society very deficult,
it must be believed that the undertakers and supporters
in pursuing and establishing the principles and organiz-
ing the said society thus far, have had a task which
ought to excuse them from all further trouble in obtain-
ing the assistance requested: other than making it
known to the citizens of Medford aforesaid. We there-
fore with confidence, rest assured that the gentlemen
composing the board of selectmen to whom we submit
the above statements will leave nothing undone that
they with propriety can do to procure the amount of the
said society's request, and in time to facilitate their
Medford, March 20th 181-5.
Gentlemen, with due respect we remain your ob* Serv ts
tp v» \ tt rr>xr ") Medford Amicable
GERSHOM TUFTS \ Sr "f! n - f"*****
GENEALOGY OF THE FRANCIS FAMILY, 16454903.
Contributed by Charles S. Young, Newton Centre, Mass.
With additions from an annotated copy of the genealogy, by Wyman, from
the library of Wra. H. Whitmore of Boston.
r Richard Francis of Cambridge ; m. Alice — — ; b. 1609;
children : —
1-2 Stephen; b, Feb. 7, 1645.
3 Sarah; b. Dec. 4, 1646; m. John Squire.
4 John; b. Jan. 4, 1650; m. Lydia Cooper.
Richard d. March 24, 1687, aged about Si. This would
make the date of his birth about 1606. Consequently
he must have come from some foreign country previous
to 1645, the date of the birth of his first child.
1-2 Stephen Francis; m. Hannah Hall, daughter of Thomas
of Cambridge, Dec. 27, 1670, who d. April 2, 16S3.
He then married Hannah Dickson, Sept. 16, 1683;
d. Sept. 24, 1719; children: —
2-5 Hannah; b. Sept. 28, 167 1 ; d. June 17, 1677.
5 1- Lydia ; m. Nathaniel Peirce.
38 GENEALOGY OF THE FRANCIS FAMILY. [April,
6 Stephen; b. Aug. 15, 1674.
7 Hannah; b. June 18, 1677; d. young.
8 Hannah; b. April 7, 1680.
9 John (called, Jr., 1723) ; m. Elizabeth Frost, daughter of
John of Cambridge, Sept. 13, 1705.
1-4 John Francis (called John, Sr., 1722), who d. Jan. 3,
172S; m. Lydia Cooper, Jan. 5, 16SS, who d. Aug.
24, 1725, aged 63 years; children: — -
4-9^ John; b. Oct. 10, 16S8; d. young.
10 John; b. Feb. 17, 1690.
11 Stephen; b. Nov. 2, 1691.
12 Nathaniel; b. about 1692; named in divis. of his father's
13 Samuel: b. Jan. 17, 1696.
14 Anna; b. Nov. 2, 1697; m. Benj. Dana July 23, 1724.
15 Joseph: b. Jan. 5, 1700; m. Elizabeth Harris.
16 Ebenezer ; b. Oct. 30, 1701 ; d. March 3. 1702.
17 Lydia; b. April 20, 1703; m. Joseph Tufts, Jan. 2, 1727.
iS Ebenezer; b. March 25, 170S; d. Feb. 2, 1727.
4-10 John Francis (called John 3d, 1722); m. Dorothy
She died Sept. 25, 1737, aged 33; lie d. Aug. 31, 1750;
children : —
io-iStV Mary; b. Jan. 26, 1732, died early.
iStf John, who m. Jane Teel (widow of Samuel) ; he d. 17S6;
his wife d. 1800.
1 83 Dorothy, who m. Ephraim Roberts of Gloucester prior
4-1 1 Stephen Francis, blacksmith, is mentioned in his brother
Ebenezer's will (iS). Stephen is the one who m.
Love, widow of Josiah Wyman of Woburn, July 14,
1740. He died July 13, 1 77 1 . His wife d. June 22,
1767 ; children : —
1 1 — 19 Stephen ; b. March 7, 1 741 ; d. June 26, 1749.
Seth ; b. Jan. 14, 1744; d. Oct. 31, 1791.
4-12 Nathaniel Francis; m. Sarah Whitmore, May 16, 1723,
and 2d, Ann Cutter, widow of Samuel, March 31, 1743.
He d. Sept. 2, 1764; children: —
12-21 Nathaniel; b. Jan. 6, 1732.
22 Benjamin; b. Nov. 11, 1 734-
23 Richard; b. Jan. 2, 1736. (Soldier, 1757.)
2 3i William; bap. Feb. 6, 1737.
4-13 Samuel Francis; m. Mary , who died April 21, 1774.
Fie d. Sept. 29, 1775; children: —
1905.] GENEALOGY OF THE FRANCIS FAMILY. 39
13-rt Mary; m. William Tufts.
30 John ; m. Deborah. f
b Lvd a ; m. Blunt.
c Rebecca; m. 1st, Ichabod Tufts; 2d, Aaron Blanchard.
24 Anna; b. Nov. 2S, 1726; m. Josiah Dixon, June 16,
174S. She was burned to death May 19, 1 7 7 1 .
25 Samuel; b. Jan., 172S; d. Oct. 15, 1775.
26 Sarah; bap. Oct. 26, 1729: b. in Charlestown Oct. 11,
1729; m. Josiah Smith of Lexington, Nov. 15, 1750;
d. April 27, 1757.
4-15 Joseph Francis; m. Elizabeth Harris in Bradford, Dec.
iS, 1735. He died Feb. 1, 1749, and his widow d.
Dec. 2, 1 7S6 ; children: —
15—26^ Elizabeth" ; b. Nov. 7, 1736 (single 1763 ; school mistress).
27 Lydia; b. Dec. 12, 1737 (single 1763, of Boston).
28 Joseph; b. July 12, 1741 ; m. Elizabeth Usher, May 15,
1764. He served at Prospect Hill during the Revolution.
13-30 John Francis, Jun., who d. April 2, 1776, had by wife
Deboraht : —
30-31 Manning; b. Nov. 20, 174S; d. Sept. 6, 1749.
32 Phebe; b. May 25, 1753.
33 Deborah; b. April 21, 1755; m. John Lagood, Feb. 9,
34 Sarah; b. May 22, 1757.
35 John; b. April 6, 1760.
36 David; b. June 23, 1764.
37 Mary; b. May, 1767.
38 Ebexezer had by his wife, Rachel, widow of Ebenezer
Tufts, whom he m. Nov. 15, 1733,
3S-39 Susanna; b. Nov. 28, 1734; m. Sam'l Cutter, April 28,
40 Abigail; b. Oct., 1736.
41 Lucy; b. March, 1 739.
42 Sarah; b. June 6, 1 74 r ; m. Thomas Wyer of Charles-
town, March 8, 1756.
4.3 Ebenezer; b. Dec. 22, 1744.
44 William ; b. April 20, 1 746.
45 Thomas; b. July 15, 1748; m. Susanna Hill, July 11,
1 77 1, in Cambridge.
46 Aaron; b. Feb. 16, 1751.
47 John; b. Sept. 28, 1753.
Ebenezer; d. July 16, 1774.
•Known in Medford as "Ma'am Betty; " d. in Mediord Jan. 25, 1829. [Ed.] fCarter [Ed.].
40 GENEALOGY OF TUB FRAXCIS FAMILY. [April,
12-21 Nathaniel, Jr.; m. Phebe Frost, daughter of Thomas, of
Charlestown, April 12, 1751 ; children: —
21-4S Nathaniel; b. Oct. 13, 1752.
49 Jonathan; b. Jan. 27, 1755.
50 Stephen; b. July 25, 1757.
51 Joseph; b. Aug. 8, 1759.
52 Phebe; b. Sept. 13, 176 1.
53 Thomas; b. May 3, 1763.
54 Caleb; b. March 8, 1766.
55 Joshua; b. July, 1767; d. in Boston, Feb., 1S12.
12-22 Benjamin Francis; m. 1st, Lydia Converse (published in
Charlestown, March 11, 1757), who d. Jan., 17SS; 2d,
Sarah Hall, Oct. 20, 176S, and d. June 5, 1 79S ;
children : —
22-56 Benjamin; b. Sept. 6, 1759; d. in Baltimore.
58 William ; lived in Newburyport.
59 Convers ; b. July 14, 1766; lived in "Wayland.
. 62 Nathaniel.
64 Sarah; m. John Bound of Middletown.
6$ Lydia ; m. Job. Wyeth of Cambridge.
11-23 Richard Francis, by his wife, Hannah Winship, daugh-
ter of Samuel of Lexington, whom he m. March 20,
1760, had : —
23-66 Richard; b. Dec. 16, 1760,
67 Loring ; b. June 7, 1762.
6$ Samuel; b. Aug. 26, 1764.
69 Daniel; b. June 25, 1766.
22-59 Convers Francis; m. Susanna Rand, May 11, 178S, who
d. May 7, 1S14 ; children : —
James; b. June 12, 17S9; lived at Wayland.
Susanna; b. Oct. 7, 1 790 ; m". J. K. Frothingham of
Mary; b. May 29, 1793; m. Warren Preston; d. Sept.
Convers; b. Nov. 9, 1795, of Harvard College.
Lydia; b. Feb. 11, 1S02; m. David L. Childs. She was
noted as a novelist and an abolitionist.
15-2S Joseph Francis and Elizabeth Usher, daughter of Hez-
ekiah and Jane (Greenleaf) ; rn. May 15, 1764; chil-
1905.3 GENEALOGY OF THE FRANCIS FAMILY. 41
Elizabeth (married Tower).
John (kept a grocery store on Eliot street, Boston).
Thomas Dakin (kept grocery store Pleasant street, Bos-
ton.) b. Oct. 6, 17S5.
Thomas Dakin Francis ; m. Martha Everly Wise, in Bos-
•ton, April 10, 1S05 Children: —
Joseph; (died in infancy).
Martha; b. Dec. iS (?) 1S0S; m. Francois Lecompte.
Mary Elizabeth; b. April 24, 1S10; m. Isaac Groves.
Rebecca; b. Feb. 17, 1812; m. Noah Porter.
George Washington ; b. Feb. ( ?) 1S14 ; m. Fannie Jones.*
Susant Blood; b. Aug. 21, 1S1 7 ; m. Oliver Wales.
Deborah; b. March 10, 1S20; m. Lyman Senter.
Thomas; b. Feb. 26, 1S22 ; m. Marilla L. G. Shaw
(married son living).
Ann Sharp; b. March 6, 1S24 (unmarried).
Daniel Sharp; b. April 1, 1S26 (twin brother died in in-
fancy) ; m. Sarah Sampson (no children).
Mary Elizabeth Francis; m. Isaac Groves, Nov. 5,
1834 ; children : ■ — ■
Charles Alfred Groves; b. Aug. 31, 1S32 ; m. Elizabeth
Elizabeth Augusta; b. May 27, 1S37; m. Erastus Talbot
Colburn ; no children.
Martha Francis; b. April 24, 1S39; m * Austin Valancourt
Anna Francis ; b. Feb. 6, ; m. Charles Sanderson
Elizabeth Augusta Groves; m. Erastus Talbot Colburn ;
children : —
Grace Talbot; b. Aug. 8, 1869.
George Erastus; b. June 7, 1873; d. Aug. 31, 1874.
Helen Elizabeth; b. April 12, 1876.
Marj- Francis; b. May 3, 1877.
Martha Francis Groves; b. April 24, 1S39; m. Austin
Valancourt Tilton ; children : —
Mary Stearns; b. July 9, 1S74; d. Aug. 25, 1876.
Anna Francis Groves; m. Charles Sanderson Young;
d. April 4, 1882. Left daughter, Anna Martha; b.
March 6, 1SS2.
•There may be two sons.
tSusan Blood ( Francis) Wales is still in good health, and from her I have obtained the
above information about her grandfather, Joseph Francis' children, and her father, Thomas Dakin
Francis, and his descendants. C. S. Y.
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44 HIGH STREET ABOUT 1S20. [April.
HIGH STREET ABOUT 1820.
Mr. Elijah B. Smith, who was born in Medford, April 4, 1S13,
and died in that city, August 16, 1903, wrote, just before his death,
a few recollections of the old homesteads in West Medford which
were standing in his boyhood, and his notes form the basis of this
article. H. T. VV.
ABOUT a hundred rods from Weir bridge, on the
north side of High street was a small house owned
by Spencer Bucknam, occupied by a Mr. Peirce, afterward
by Isaac Greenleaf for a few years, and then torn down.
Mr. Greenleaf lived afterward on Fulton street.
On the south side of the street was the Payson farm
of some fifty acres. The house and other buildings were
a few rods from the Middlesex Canal. Elijah Smith and
family occupied this place from 1S10 to 1830. Mr. Smith
was born in Lexington, Massachusetts. He was six years
old when the battle of Lexington occurred, and he had a
distinct remembrance of the event. The Payson farm
being so near to the canal bridge, Mr. Smith's house was
free and open to passengers taking the boats.
Over the bridge crossing the canal lived Thomas Calfe,
the gardener for Peter C. Brooks. This house was on
the corner of Grove street.
An eighth of a mile further east lived Miss Rebecca
Brooks- — "Aunt Becky." Robert Caldwell lived in her
house and carried on the farm. This house was remod-
elled and used by Mrs. T. P. Smith for a boarding school
in the fifties. The school was known as Mystic Hall
Seminary for Young Ladies, and was very popular in its
Nearly opposite lived Miss Rebecca's brother Caleb,
on the present site of the railroad station. One of the
first station agents of the Boston and Lowell railroad at
West Medford lived there afterward. He was known as
"Dontey" Green. This house was destroyed by the great
A few rods beyond lived Eleazar Usher, in the house
owned by his brother-in-law, Leonard Bucknam. "Uncle
Leonard" was the keeper of the almshouse.
1 905 . ] HIG II S TREE T ABOUT 1 $20 . 4 5
Opposite lived Major Gershom Tcel and afterward
Captain Joseph YVyatt. This house, occupied quite re-
cently by Mr. William J. Cheney, is standing in 1905.
Just below the Usher house lived Deacon Amos Warren.
Warren street was cut through the deacon's estate and
named in his honor. Later Mr. Reed, father of Rebecca
Reed, whose story of ill treatment brought about the des-
truction of the nunnery at Charlestqwn, lived in the
Just beyond Whitmore brook, on the north side of the
street, lived Captain Samuel Teel. This house is stand-
ing (1905) on the westerly corner of Brooks street. A
few rods east — on the easterly corner of Allston street as
now built — was a house occupied by Stephen Symmes,
who afterward moved to the west side of Mystic pond.
The next occupant was Thomas Huffmaster, who was
killed during the tornado of 1850. The site is now owned
by the heirs of John H. Norton, whose wife was a daugh-
ter of Mr. Huffmaster.
About half a mile farther east, in the colonial mansion
which still beautifies the street, resided Master Kendall,
the teacher of the town school. After him came Mr.
Stickney, Rev. Caleb Stetson and Jonathan Brooks, who
formerly lived in the ancient dwelling still standing at the
corner of Woburn street. Both these houses are owned
by the estate of Miss Lucy Ann Brooks, daughter of
Jonathan. The mansion crowns the second slope of
Ma'am Simonds hill, which in early days was called
Bishop's hill, being dignified by a separate name in honor
of the Bishop family who were large land owners between
Woburn and Allston streets.
Directly opposite the old Jonathan Brooks house dwelt
Jeduthan Richardson, in a very ancient house which
seems destined soon to vanish before the march of
modern improvement. Edward L. Staniels, who married
Mr. Richardson's daughter, succeeded him.
On the easterly corner of Woburn street was the house
and farm of James Wyman. Benjamin Noyes, gunsmith,
46 HIGH STREET ABOUT 1820. [April,
lived there for a few years, and the premises were next
leased for ten years to Elijah Smith. The house long
since disappeared, but the old cellar can still be seen.
Mr. Wyman would never sell the land, and often came
to walk over the broad acres, getting pleasure enough
from these excursions to pay for the lack of income. He
died in Boston when over ninety years old.
A few feet from this house was the house and stable of
Joseph Wyman, the stage driver between Medford and
Boston. His father owned the Russell farm on Win-
Henry Weir and family, and later Edwin Johnson, lived
a little further down the hill. The Joseph Wyman house
is standing, but the Weir house made way for the house
of Milton F. Roberts on the easterly corner of High
" Ma'am Simonds hill " was named in honor of Mrs.
Joshua Simonds who with her daughters "Nabby" and
Pamelia kept a dame school for many years in the house
on the north side of High street. It used to be sheltered
from the street by large lilac bushes which grew on the
slope between the sidewalk and the roadway. A face
wall has been built and the sidewalk lowered, which adds
to the comfort of the pedestrian and detracts from the
picturesqueness of the house.
Next below was the old Putnam tavern, and beyond,
the home of Mi not Richardson, whose daughter married
Augustus Baker, the proprietor of the Medford House.
This house stood on the edge of the roadway, but has
been moved back.
John Wade owned the house where Mr. George H.
Bean the florist lives now. Major Wade's tannery was
just east of this house, and family tradition says that he
built the last named dwelling and two others opposite
for his operatives.
Mr. A. D. Puffer's mansion, remodelled and moved
back from the street, was the home of Major Samuel Swan
and his son Joseph. This house was originally the
icps .] GUSTAVUS FISHER GUILD. • 47
Ebenezer Brooks mansion. Previous to 1812 the house
was occupied by his half brother, Captain Caleb Brooks,
who was guardian of his nephew Ebenezer.
Jonathan Porter's house, a few years ago demolished,
was the home of William Furness. This house was for-
merly the residence of Parson Turell. The next and
nearest neighbor was " Cherry " Bucknam, so called be-
cause he made such excellent cherry rum. This house
made way for Grace Church rectory. Next came the
house of William Roach and, beyond, the Samuel Train
house. This house was once the property of one Mr.
Wyman, who preceded Mrs. Rowson as the proprietor of
the famous select school for girls.
GUSTAVUS FISHER GUILD.
The Medforcl Historical Society has lost another one
of its members, who, though not taking an active part
in its work, was always interested in the things for which
the society stands.
Gustavus Fisher Guild was born in Canton, Mass.,
July 25, 1859, of old colonial stock. He was the son of
Horace Guild, Jr., and Mary C. Jones. His great-grand-
father, Major Aaron Guild of South Declham, partici-
pated in the battle of April 19, 1775, leaving his plough
and oxen in the furrow and arriving at the scene of
action in time to aid in firing upon the British as they
retreated. He saw other service in the Indian and Rev-
olutionary Wars. Mr. Guild's descent from John Guild,
who came from Scotland to Dedham in 1636, is John 1 ,
Samuel 5 , Nathaiel 3 , Aaron 4 , Joel 5 , Horace 6 , Florace 7 .
He received his early education in the grammar and
high schools of his native town, afterward taking a four
years' high school course at the Bridgewater Normal
School. Fie was always an eager, earnest student, and
he supplemented his normal school training by several
48 G US TA I T S FISHER G UJLD. [ April,
courses at the Harvard Summer School, pursuing history,
modern languages and physical culture, in all of which
branches be was an enthusiast.
Mr. Guild began his work as a teacher immediately
on graduating from Bridgewater, in 1SS0, filling, most
acceptably, positions in several of our large towns, and
received rapid promotions. He was in charge of a school
in Marblehead when he received a call, in 1SS6, to one
of the large boys' schools in Boston, the Brimmer School.
Here he labored faithfully and conscientiously for nearly
eighteen years, a good friend and wise counsellor to his
pupils, and a great favorite among his fellow teachers,
who held him in great esteem on account of his many
In addition to his regular employment during the day,
he taught in the evening schools, being principal of the
Lincoln, and, later, of the Franklin Evening School.
His executive ability and his untiring devotion to his
work accomplished marvellous results, and the school
under his charge ranked very high among the evening
schools of Boston.
In our own city he has served on the school board,
and was a zealous and valued worker on the parish com-
mittee of the First Parish Church.
Mr. Guild was a member of several educational clubs
of Boston, a member of the Blue Hill Lodge of Masons,
and also of Boston Commandery of Knights Templars.
He passed away at his home, 31 College avenue,
Medford, August 23, 1904, aged forty- five years. His
life was comparatively short, but " we live in deeds, not
years? He has "fought the good fight;" he has "finished
his course ; " he has " kept the faith." May he receive
the "crown. of righteousness." ELLA L. BURBANK.
On Page 30 of this issue, under Simpson's Hotel, in
the third and fourth lines, read Andrew Hall, instead of
Philip Carteret; and April 29, instead of May 20.
i r. • ■ ■ i .•
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rs in- ^
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SUMMER MOUSE, ROYALL ESTATE, MEDFORD.
The Medford Historical Register.
Vol. VIII. JULY, 1905. No. 3.
THE LOYALISTS OF MEDFORD.
By Grace L. Sargent.
[Read before the Medford Historical Society, April 17, 1005.]
THE loyalists represented the conservative and aris-
tocratic element in colonial politics. Many of
them bore names that had been connected with the royal
government for several generations. They had a firm
conviction that "the powers that be" were in the right
and that the existing order of things could not be over-
thrown by a parcel of rebels, as they considered their
opponents. The result of the siege of Boston and its
evacuation by the British was a great blow to them.
Through the hard winter of 1775-76 upward of a thous-
and of them had been shut up in Boston, whither they
had fled for protection, exposed to hunger, cold and the
loathsome disease small pox. The versatile Burgoyne,
leaving for a while his complaints against his brother
chiefs, sought to enliven that dreary winter by organizing
plays which were performed in Faneuil Hall, "the cradle
of liberty." One farce "The Blockade of Boston," in
which Washington was caricatured, was said to be his own
production. Washington remarked that it might turn
out a tragedy. His words were justified when the British
awoke one morning in March to find Dorchester Heights
occupied by the enemy and their own position no longer
tenable. On the seventeenth of March, 1776, the obnox-
ious British soldiers left Boston to the triumphant Ameri-
cans, and with them went. more than a thousand loyalists,
including men, women, and children. Sabine says, " Of
members of the .Council, commissioners, officers of the
5 THE I O \ , i LIS TS OF MED FORD. [July,
customs and other officials, there were one hundred and
two ; of clergymen, eighteen ; of merchants and other
persons who resided in Boston, two hundred and thir-
teen ; of farmers, mechanics and traders, three hundred
and eighty-two." Most of these found new homes in
Halifax; some few went to England or to colonies
belonging to Great Britain, but all had to commence
life anew, exiled from their native land, and many of
them stripped of the greater part of their property.
The Americans now found time to formulate laws
against the loyalists. Van Tyne says " In Massachusetts
a very perfect piece of machinery was at once invented
for weeding out the Tories. The selectmen of each town
were to 'warn a meeting' of the inhabitants. Some
person firmly attached to the American cause was to be
chosen by ballot. The person thus elected was charged
with the duty of laying before the courts evidence to
prove the inimical character of any inhabitant whom the
freeholders charged with favoring the British cause.
The Selectmen were to make a list of men who had
shown Tory sympathies since the Battle of Lexington.
Any one present at the meeting might suggest a name
to the moderator or chairman. This name was added
to the list if a majority of those present so voted. The
completed list was given to two or more justices of the
peace who issued warrants for the arrest of the proscribed
persons." The first test law of Massachusetts, dated
May i, 1776, was among the earliest passed by any of
the colonies; it was general in its application, affecting
all males over sixteen. It obliged people to swear that
the war was just and necessary on the part of the colonies,
that they would not aid the British in any way, but would
use their best power and ability to defend the American
colonies. The refusal to subscribe to this oath made the
offender subject to trial by jury as an enemy to his
country and if found guilty he could neither hold office
nor vote. If he were a minister, schoolmaster, or a gov-
ernor of Harvard college he was to lose his salary.
1905.] THE LOYALISTS OF MED FORD. 51
The second test law, January (?), 1778, affected per-
sons suspected of being inimical (except mandamus coun-
cillors who had accepted office and all who since April
*9> 1775, had joined the enemy or enlisted men for his
service — these were not even allowed to take the oath.)
Anyone under this law found guilty of refusing to sub-
scribe the test oath was to be committed to jail (he to
pay the costs) and sent to British territory within forty
days. If he returned, he incurred the penalty of death.
The other laws passed in 177S affected specific classes,
members of the General Assembly, civic and military
officers, attorneys at law, so that virtually a loyalist lawyer
was debarred from the practice of his profession.
Massachusetts passed one law restricting freedom of
speech, February 4, 1777, under the title "A law or the
punishment of crimes below the degree of treason and
misprison of treason," which was directed especialiy
against those who censured the Declaration of July 4,
1776. The penalty attached to such a crime was a fine
not to exceed £^0 nor to be less than 20s. or confine-
ment in jail.
April 9, 1777, there was passed "An Act to prevent
the waste of the estates of loyalists leaving estate of £20
or more within the state." Under this Act the Judges
of Probate were authorized to appoint agents for such
estates, preference being given to the principal creditor
provided he were not a relative. The agent was to take
possession of the goods and estate of the absentee as if
he were administrator of a deceased person's estate, to
file an inventory and render accounts of his doings from
time to time as ordered by the Judge of Probate. The
wife of the absentee, if she remained, was entitled to
have the use of one-third of the real estate.
An Act to prevent the return to the state of certain
persons therein named was passed in 1778 and included
the names of Isaac Royal 1 and his son-in-law, Sir Wil-
liam Pepperell. Any one named in this Act having the
temerity to return might be arrested and put into jail,
52 THE LOYALISTS OF MED FORD. [July,
transported to some province of Great Britain at his
own expense if possible, otherwise at the expense of the
state. If he persisted in returning after such banish-
ment, death without benefit of clergy would be the pun-
ishment of his crime.
Two Acts to confiscate were passed April 30, 1779;
one entitled "An Act to confiscate the estates of certain
persons commonly called absentees;" the other, "An
Act to confiscate the estates of certain notorious con-
spirators against the government." All debts due before
April 19, 1775, were to be paid; the wife or widow was
to have the use of one-third of the personal estate and
her dower in the real estate set off.
An Act passed in 1781 empowered commissioners for
the different counties to make sale of the estates of ab-
sentees named in the two foregoing Acts. The com-
missioners for the County of Middlesex were James
Prescott, Joseph Hosmer and Samuel Thacher, and by
them were sold the estate of Joseph Thompson of Med-
ford and certain estate in Medford, the property of one
Charles Ward Apthorp of Boston (?).
The absentees of Medford were few in number; in
fact, two only, Isaac Rovall and Joseph Thompson, re-
sided here. Both were descended from the early settlers;
Isaac Royall from William Ryall who first settled at
Salem, having a large grant of land called Ryall Side
(a name still applied to a part of Beverly), and who
early removed to Maine ; Joseph Thompson, from James
Thompson who came to Charlestown (1630) and who
subsequently became one of the founders of Woburn.
Daniel Thompson, the " martyr hero " of Woburn who
fell at the Battle of Lexington, and Benjamin Thomp-
son, better known as Count Rumford, descended from
the same stock.
Isaac Royall was born on the island of Antigua, 17 19,
and was the son of Isaac and Elizabeth Royall. It may
be inferred from various items in the account of Jacob
Royall, the executor of his father's will, that young Isaac,
1905.] THE LOYALISTS OF MED FORD. 53
together with a brother William and his sister Penelope,
were sent to New England to be educated. Jacob seems
to have acted as his brother's agent until he came to
Charlestown, even making the purchase of the Usher
estate, of which the present Royall house and grounds
is only a very small part. The intention of Isaac Roy-
all, senior, seems to have been to found an estate that
should descend in regular succession after the English
fashion, and perpetuate tire name of Royall for several
generations; for after dividing his Antiguan property
equally between his two remaining children, Isaac and
Penelope, and bequeathing his estate in Maine and in
Worcester County to Isaac, he wills his estate in Med-
ford, Charlestown and W 7 cburn, and also that in Bristol
County to his brother, Jacob Royall, in trust for ' £ my
son Isaac " for life, and afterwards to the sons of his son
Isaac, in regular succession, and to their heirs, prefer-
ence being given to the eldest In default of male heirs
of son Isaac at the time of the death of the testator the
estate was to descend in tail to the daughters of Isaac.
Failing heirs in the male line, the entailed estate was to
be held in trust for Penelope on the same terms as for
Isaac, with this proviso, that her husband "should change
his Sirname and call himself by the name of Royall."
Further provision w T as made for the succession of his
brother Samuel's children and their heirs male. There
is another clause in the will of Isaac Royall, senior, which
has given rise to ingenious surmising as to the identity
of his wife. He leaves certain property to " my daugh-
ter-in-law, Ann Oliver, the wife of Robert Oliver of
Dorchester." Brooks (History of Medford) and Harris
(New England Royalls) state that Isaac Royal married
Elizabeth, daughter of Asaph Elliot of Boston, which is
undoubtedly correct. Harris further states that this
Elizabeth had been previously married to one Oliver by
whom she had a male child (presumably Robert Oliver).
But the Elizabeth Royall who came to Charlestown with
her husband was the widow of James Brown of Antigua,
5 4 THE L O YA L IS TS OF MED FORD. Q u 1 y ,
and was married to Isaac Royall in Antigua, June 3,
1 yoy. Her daughter by her former husband, Ann Brown,
married (also in Antigua), February 3, 172 1, Robert
Oliver. This seems more reasonable than to suppose that
a widow Oliver should have been married a second time
under her maiden name of Elliot, for so the record stands.
Brooks speaks of the suspicion that naturally fell upon
our Isaac Royall on account of his affiliation with the
Vassalls of Cambridge. Penelope Royall's husband was
Henry Vassal! of Cambridge, who died about 1769. His
brother John, who built the Longfellow house, left several
children, one of whom (John) married Elizabeth, the
daughter of Ann and Robert Oliver; his sister, Eliza-
beth Vassall, married Ann Olivers son Thomas, who
was the last royal lieutenant-governor, and who suffered
at the hands of a Cambridge mob because of his appoint-
ment as one of the mandamus councillors.
Isaac Royall of Medford was married in Kings Chapel,
March 27, 1738, to Elizabeth Mackintosh, and lived on
the estate left by his father in Charlestown (afterward a
part of Medford). Here his children were born and
brought up and here he delighted to entertain his friends
after a right royal fashion. He was a good citizen, in-
terested in all that concerned the town and colony,
loved and respected by his fellow townsmen, and very
liberal. In the parish records of the First Church of
Medford maybe found the following: " 1755, August 31.
Received a Folio Bible of the Hon ble I. Royall & voted
Thanks." Another gift was a large handled cup in-
scribed "The gift of the Hon. Isaac Royall, Esq., to the
Church of Christ in Medford." This is the cup referred
to in the Church records under date of October 19, 1781.
" At a meeting of ye Brethren this Day information was
given yt Isaac Royall late of this Town, Esq., an absen-
tee had in a letter to his attorney dated Nov. 9, 1778,
ordered yt a Silver Cup left among his Effects shd be
presented to this Chh : but inasmuch as ye Effects of
the sd Absentee had been sequestered by ye Common-
1905.] THE LOYALISTS OF MEDFORD. 55
wealth 6e ye sd Cup was now in ye Care of ye Agent
for his Estate, ye Chh could not obtain it without leave
from the Genl Court." October 26, 17S1, on petition of
David Osgood, pastor of the Church of Christ in Med-
ford, it was resolved by the General Court that the agent
of the estate of Isaac Royall be directed to deliver a cer-
tain silver cup to the Church of Medford. Absence did
not lessen his interest in the town where he had lived
so long, for in his will he bequeathes to the Church of
Medford a piece of plate to the value of £\o. This is
noted in a list of plate belonging to the church Novem-
ber i, 1793, as "a dish for the bread inscribed 'The
legacy of the Hon. Isaac Royal, Esq., to the Church of
Christ in Medford, 1781.'"
The children of Isaac Royal were Elizabeth, mentioned
in her grandmother's will as one of her god-daughters,
and who died young; Mary Mackintosh, the wife of George
Erving of Boston (an absentee); a second Elizabeth, who
became the wife of Sir William. Pepperell, and who died
on the voyage to England; Miriam, who married Thomas
Savel and some of whose descendants still live in Med-
ford. It seems singular that no mention is made of this
last named daughter either in the will of Isaac Royall
or in that of his wife Elizabeth, who died in 1770.
Isaac Royall left Medford April 16, 1775, as he states
in his will, leaving his estate in the care of his friend, Dr.
Simon Tufts. It was his intention to retire for a time
to his estate in Antigua, but finding it impossible to ob-
tain a passage thither, he went to Halifax and finally to
England, where the remaining years of his life were spent;
he regretted the necessity for his exile and was always
looking forward to the time when he might return to his
On the 23d of April, 1778, on petition of Simon Tufts,
agent of Isaac Royall, it was resolved by the General
Court that he be directed to deliver into the hands of the
Committee of Correspondence of the Town of Medford
all the estate of Isaac Royall, and the said Committee
56 THE LOYALISTS OF MEDFORD. [July,
were directed to receive the same and to improve it in
the most "prudent manner they can." Later however,
in June, 1778, after the filing a certificate signed by the
major part of the Selectmen of Med ford (Stephen Hall
tertius, Ebenezer Hall & Benjamin Hall), Simon Tufts
was formally appointed agent of the estate by the Judge
of Probate, he giving a bond for ,£1,000 for the faithful
performance of his trust. In this bond it is stated that
Isaac Royall has fled to our enemies for protection.
The real estate, including the farm at Foxborough, was
valued at ,£47,098, and the personal estate at £3,603-
7-4 ; the rents of the real estate at the time of the in-
ventory were valued at £434-4-8. The estate was
rented or leased to different persons, and after the pay-
ment of necessary expenses, the balance of the receipts
was turned over to the State Treasurer. One account
allowed September 5, 1 78 1, states that £"35,082-5 was
received by the sale of furniture, the chariot, etc., of
which ,£28,351-17-4 was turned over to Treasurer
Gardner. In a list of absentees on file in the Probate
Office with the amounts handed over to the Treasurer
from the rents of their estates while in the hands of
agents, Isaac RoyalPs agent is credited with paying into
the State Treasury £758-3-7^2, in hard money, or
rather the heading reads " paid or ordered to be paid to
the State Treasurer." A commission in insolvency was
issued April 5, 1781, to Thomas Brooks, Aaron Hall and
Moses Billings of Medford. Their report was filed, but
" the creditors refuse to have their claims liquidated on
account of fluctuations in the currency."
Isaac Royall died of small pox in London, England, in
1 78 1, and his will written on parchment was probated
there so far as relates to the estate in Antigua, Sir Wil-
liam Pepperell being appointed executor. He had ex-
pressed a wish that his will should also be recorded in
Suffolk County, Massachusetts, so it may be found in
the records of the Probate Office in Boston. After
leaving small legacies to different relatives, handsome
1 905 • ] THE LOYA L IS TS OF MED FORD. 5 7
enamelled mourning rings to friends (among others to
Ebenezer Tirell (?) and David Osgood), he gives to the
Town of Medford for the support of schools ioo acres
of land in Granby formerly known by the name of South
Hadley. All the remaining land in Granby (809 acres)
and his right of land in the county of Worcester (92S
acres) which he bought December 2S, 1752, in company
with the Hon. James Otis, John Chandler and Caleb
Daney, he gives to the Overseers and Corporation of
Harvard College to endow a professorship of laws or
physics and anatomy, and they shall have full power to
sell said lands and to put the money out at interest, the
income whereof shall be for the aforesaid purpose. The
simple professorship of laws led the way to the estab-
lishment of the Harvard Law School, so that our Cam-
bridge University has much to thank Isaac Royall for.
A special bequest gives to Harriot Pepperell, a grand-
daughter, four pieces of land in Medford; namely: 3
acres forming part of the land leased to Gershom Wil-
liams, a wood lot 14^2 acres commonly called Turkey
Swamp; two more wood lots under one inclosure 29
acres 26 rods on the hill commonly called Pine. Hill.
These lots were purchased by him after the death of his
The rest of the real estate in Medford, the house and
land in Walpole, he leaves in trust to Dr. Simon Tufts,
Jacob Royall and Thomas Palmer as an entailed estate
to be held in trust for Mary Mcintosh Royall during her
life, then to go to her first son and his issue, then to her
other sons in succession and, failing sons, to her daughters.
Failing heirs in this line, then to his grandson William
Pepperell for life, and then to his heirs. Further provis-
ion is made that the estate shall descend in the following
order; to Elizabeth Royall Pepperell and her heirs;
Penelope Vassall, and, after her, to her daughter Eliza-
beth ; then to William Royall, Jacob Royall, and Elia
Royall. The estate was not to descend to the heirs of
the last three named. This entailed estate was to be
58 THE LOYALISTS OF MEDFORD. [July,
called Royall Ville. Failing heirs, one half the income
was to be expended to found a hospital in Medford or
Charlestown ; the other half for the support of a professor
of laws at Harvard College.
The estate was never sold by the government, so that
after the passage of a law for the barring of entails, the
heirs were enabled to sell the entailed estate. A deed
on record in the Middlesex South District Registry of
Deeds shows that James Sullivan and Christopher Gore
as representing the heirs sold to one Robert Fletcher
the entailed estate of Isaac Royall for the purchase
money according to a Decree of the Court of Chancery
(England). This included the Royall Farm and a lot
of land north of the Great Brickyard (520 acres), and a
pew in the Parish Church, all in Medford, also the estate
in Foxborough known as the Royall Foxborough Farm
(500 acres.) Later it was disposed of to different indi-
viduals, a part being sold for the old Middlesex Canal.
Joseph Thompson was the son of Joseph and Sarah
Thompson, who were located in Medford at least as
early as 1722, coming here from Woburn, and who were
admitted to full communion with the church of Medford
in 172S. They lie buried side by side in the little burial
ground on Salem street. Joseph, the subject of this
sketch, was born May 16, 1734, and his baptism is re-
corded May 19, 1734. He was married in Boston, June
26, 1759, to Rebecea Gallup, whom Isaac Royal refers
to in his will as a kinswoman of his wife, leaving her £$
to buy a mourning ring or to expend in some other way
if more agreeable to her. As the eldest son a double
portion was assigned to him out of his father's estate
after the widow's dower was set off (1 75S). He added
to this by the purchase from time to time of small estates,
the records of his real estate transactions in the Registry
of Deeds at East Cambridge extending from 1759 to
1774, and his occupation is given therein as merchant.
He had several sisters who married and settled in Med-
ford: Sarah, the wife of Jonathan Tufts; Mary, of Samuel
1 905 .] THE L O YA LIS TS OF MED FORD. 5 9
Kidder; Frances, of Joseph Calef; Ruth, of Benjamin
Floyd ; Susannah, of Ebenezer Brooks; and one brother,
William, who died unmarried. At the settlement of the
dower estate, Joseph and two sisters, Ruth Floyd and
Susannah Brooks, were the only surviving children, and
that part of the estate, after setting aside two shares for
the heirs 1 of Joseph, now an absentee, was assigned to
Samuel Kidder, a grandson.
Sabine states that in June, 1775, news reached the
Provincial Congress that the Irvings of Boston had fitted
out under color of chartering to Thompson, a schooner
of their own, to make a voyage to New Providence to
procure provision for the British troops shut up in Bos-
ton. One Captain Samuel Webb was sent to Salem
and Marblehead to secure Thompson and prevent the
vessel from making the voyage. Thompson, however,
made good his escape.
March 11, 1779, his estate was put into the hands of
Richard Hall of Medford as agent. No inventory was
filed, but on April 6, 1780, an account was allowed, the
balance of which, ;£ 446-2, was assigned to his wife,
Rebecca Thompson, for her support. On June 3, 17S0,
on the petition of Rebecca Thompson asking that she
be granted leave to rejoin her husband in England on
the first convenient opportunity, and also to return again
to this state, the General Court decreed that the said
petition be so far granted as to allow her to go, but she
might not return without leave being first obtained of
the General Court, and the Committee of Inspection for
Medford was directed to see that she carried no letters
nor papers that might be detrimental to this or any of
the United States of America.
Joseph Thompson's real estate was sold in 1782 and
1783 by the committee appointed to dispose of the estates
of absentees. The deeds all begin with the following
preamble, " Commonwealth of Massachusetts. To all
People to whom these Presents shall come : Greeting —
Whereas in and by an Act of the great and general
60 7 HE L O YALIS TS OF MED FORD. [Ju ly,
Court passed and enacted on the thirtieth day of April in
the Year of our Lord One Thousand seven hundred & sev-
enty nine the Estate of the Persons therein mentioned
for the Reasons in the same Act set forth are declared
to be forfeited & ordered to be confiscated to the use of
the Government, And Whereas by another Act of the
same Court passed in the same Year the Estates of all
Persons guilty of the Crimes therein mentioned & de-
scribed are made confiscable in manner as by the same
Act is provided. And by another Act passed in the
Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred & eighty
one empowering us James Prescott Joseph Hosmer and
Samuel Thatcher Esqrs to make sale of certain Estates
situate in the County of Middlesex aforesaid confiscated
as aforesaid to the Use of the Government. And there
being a due & legal Confiscation of the Estate of Joseph
Thompson Merchant situate in Medford in the County
aforesaid;" then follows the description of the land as
in an ordinary deed. In this way 6 acres of salt marsh
bordering on Medford river were sold at public vendue
to Ebenezer Hall, Jr., for £70; a dwelling house and
yard bounded south on the great road to Thomas Pat-
ten for ^295 ; i l / 2 rods of land (part of the dower estate
of his mother) with 3-16 of the dwelling horse % of an
acre of mowing land, 20 rods of plow land to Samuel
Kidder for ,£24-15; a pew in the meeting-house to
Susanna Brooks, widow, for ,£10; 8 acres of land
bounded south on the great road and west on Proprie-
tor's Way, and situated near the Hay Market to Jona-
than Foster for ,£252-10; and about 10 poles of land
with a joiner's shop thereon bounded north on the road
to Maiden to Ebenezer Hall for .£40-5 ; making a total
The Committee of Correspondence of Medford ren-
dered two accounts into the Probate Office of their care
of the estates in their charge. In the account filed
May 3, i?79 5 Thompson's house, shop, 8 acres of upland
and his pew in the church; Clewly's pasture and mow-
1905.] THE LOYALISTS OF MEDFORD. 61
ing land ; PepperelFs house and his pew in the church
'are mentioned. Their account allowed April 6, 1780,
accounts for the rent of Sir William Pepperell's house
a-nd pew, and about 14 acres of pasture and 14 acres of
mowing land belonging to the estate of Isaac Clewly.
Brooks states that the Committee of Correspondence
had under its care the estate of one Clewly who was
a resident of Halifax and whose agent was Ichabod
Jones. In that case the estate referred to in the accounts
of the committee was that of John Clewly of Halifax, a
carpenter, who held a mortgage on the estate of Francis
Whitmore, a resident of Medford at the time the deed
was given. His estate in Middlesex County was not
sold by the state, but it was settled in 1795 by his admin-
istrator, John C. Jones ; his real estate, which consisted
of about 22 acres in Medford and 6% acres in Weston,
was sold by his administrator, and after the payment of
debts, the balance was ordered to be paid to his surviv-
ing brother and sister, Isaac Clewly and Bathsheba
W T etherbee, and to the children of his deceased sister,
Sir William Pepperell was the grandson of the first
Sir W T illiam Pepperell of Kittery, Me., and the son of
Elizabeth (Pepperell) and Nathaniel Sparhawk of Kit-
tery, and was named William Pepperell Sparhawk. In
accordance with the terms of his grandfather's will, on
his coming of age he procured an act of legislature to
drop the name of Sparhawk and call himself William
Pepperell, and later he was allowed to take his grand-
father's title also. He was proscribed and banished and
his estate confiscated. He went to England in 1775,
and his wife, Elizabeth, a daughter of Isaac Royall, died
on the passage. He died in England, 181 6, and with
him the baronetcy became extinct.
STRANGERS IN MED FORD.
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64 THE WHITMORES OF MEDFORD. [July,
THE WHITMORES OF MEDFORD AND SOME OF THEIR
[Read before the Medford Historical Society.]
HAVE been told by our President, Mr. Brown, that
one of the many good and wise things that have
been done by this society is collecting and preserving
the history of the old families who lived in Medford in
its early days. Many of these still remain here — others
lived here but a short time. In some cases the names
are lost, though their descendants, through the marriages
of their daughters, may be with us now. Others, still,
vanished so long ago that there remains very little trace
of them, except in the town and county records. The
Whitmore family about which I am to speak tonight
belongs to the latter class.
Curiously enough, however, it is to one of its descen-
dants that Medford is indebted for much that is known'
about its history. I refer to Mr. William Henry Whit-
more of Boston, who assisted the Rev. Charles Brooks
in compiling the History of Medford published in 1855.
According to this history, the earliest record of the
name of Whitmore is John Whitmore of Stamford, Con-
necticut. In 1634, Watertown formed a settlement in
Wethersiield, and in 1640 Stamford was settled by them.
John Whitmore was made a townsman in 1641, and had
ten acres of land given him as an original land owner.
In 1649 he went to the common grounds to look for his
cattle and never returned. This, with other acts of the
Indians, caused a declaration of war. Uncas, chief of
the Mohegans, assembled his tribe, and they led the way
into the woods and found the body three months after
his disappearance. He represented Stamford in the
General Court. He left five children: Thomas, John,
Ann, Mary and Francis, born in 1625. This is undoubt-
edly the Francis Whitmore of Cambridge, born in that
year, whose descendants lived in Medford a hundred
years. The names of John and Francis occur again
and again. He lived in Cambridge near the Lexing-
1905.] THE WHITMORES OF MEDFORD. G5
ton line, which was at first called Minottamie. The
Whitmoi'e family came from Lexington, England. There
were probably other families coming over at the same
time, and it is supposed that they desired that the new
town should receive the name of Lexington in memory
of their old home. At all events the name was changed
from Minottamie to Lexington, and the home of Francis
Whitmore stood on the boundary line. He was a tailor,
and evidently an active, energetic man, much concerned
in the real estate transfers of that time, as his name
occurs again and again in the early records of deeds in
Rev. Charles Brooks tells us that Edward Collins was
the first land speculator in the Massachusetts Colony,
but after looking over the early records it has seemed
to me that many of our ancestors had this mania.
Certainly Francis Whitmore possessed a great craving
for buying and selling land, and he owned much in
Cambridge and Medforcl, as well as in Charlestown,
Bedford, and even bought it in Rehobeth. The first
record of a sale I found was February 3, 1654, when he
and his wife Isabel bought the land on the division line
between Cambridge and Lexington that I have men-
tioned. He bought more land on November 25, 1663,
of Richard and Jane Champney, and more still on July
2 j, 1670. In February, 1672, he sold land in Cambridge,
and the deed is signed by himself and his second wife,
Margaret Harty. There are many other records of his
sales. At first Cambridge extended from the Boston
Line to Groton, but on the twenty-fifth of March, 1650,
the town gave land now forming Billerica and Bedford
(at that time a part of it) to some of its towns-people;
later on another large tract was given away, and among
these names we find that of Francis Whitmore. He
bought land also in Medford near the present West
Medford station, about which I shall speak again. He
was a man of some prominence, apparently, and did
not belong to the extreme Puritan party, as is shown by
the fact thai he and his wife signed a petition in favor
(j& THE WHITAfORES OF MED FORD. [July,
of a witch, a mark of great liberality for those times.
He served in some of the Indian wars. It is on record
at the State House that he received ten shillings for
services so rendered. He probably went with Captain
Sill, who took a company of militia from Cambridge
to the relief of Groton, March 12, 1675, under Major
Willard, He was married twice. His first wife was
Isabel Parke. They were probably married in England
in 1648. His second wife was Margaret Harty. He
died October 12, 16S5.
John Whitmore,son of the preceding Francis, was bom
October 10, 1654, and died February 22, 1 737, in Medford.
The first record I have found of him was in a deed of
land sold to him March 29, 1675. This land had already
been built upon and houses and barns are mentioned.
This was part of the land once owned by Edward Col-
lins. He had it from the heirs of Governor Cradock,
who by instruments dated June 2 and September 16, 1652,
"quit-claimed all the messuage farm or plantation called
Meadford, by them owned."
This is the Edward Collins, called by Rev. Charles
Brooks the first land speculator in New England. Be-
sides his frequent purchases and sales of land in Medford
and its neighborhood, we find him making investments
in many towms some distance from here ; as for instance,
he sold land in Billerica, in 1655, to the Richard and
Jane Champney, who sold land to Francis Whitmore in
Cambridge, November 25, 1663. As the latter also
owned land in Billerica, it is possible that it was through
Mr. Collins that the Whitmores first came to Medford.
On December 24, 1680, John Whitmore, Thomas
Willis, Stephen Willis and Stephen Francis, divided
the balance of the Collins Farm between them. John
Whitmore had already purchased one-fourth of this
estate from Caleb Hubbard. The Whitmore house was
in that part of West Medford where Usher's Block now
stands, and the Whitmore brook, which runs a few rods
from it, received its name from this John Whitmore.
This house was built in 16S0, and torn down in 1840;
1905 •] THE WHITMORES OF MEDFORD. GT
it is the house mentioned in the Historical Register
of this society, Volume 7, Page 49.
On February 11, 16S0, Francis Whitmore of Cam-
bridge gave to his son John and wife and heirs two acres
of meadow land near the West Medford station. This
land was bounded on the northeast by land of Captain
Jonathan 1 Wade, easterly by dike joining the land of
Captain Timothy Wheeler, and west and northwest by
land already owned by John Whitmore. The latter
is authorized "at all times and from time to time, to
quietly enjoy and posess the above land." He also
owned land in Charlestown and Billerica, John Whit-
more married Rachel, daughter of Francis Eliot of
Cambridge and widow of John Poulter of Cambridge.
John and Rachel Whitmore had three children.
John Whitmore was interested in town affairs, and in
the Indian difficulties of that time. He went to Saco
against them under Major Swayne. How long he re-
mained is not told, but "his wife Rachel petitioned the
General Court to release him, and here is a copy of her
" To the Honorable Simon Bradstreet Governor, and the rest
of the Honorable body now sitting in Boston, the humble petition
of Rachel Whitmore, wife of John Whitmore.
''Whereas your petitioner's husband was impressed into the
county's service against the Indian enemy, and is now with Major
Swayne at Newchawanick, and your petitioner and her two chil-
dren are very weak and ill and unable to help ourselves or do any-
thing for our relief and the rest of the family, as several of our
neighbors can and have informed your honors.
" Doth, therefore, humbly request the favor of your honors,
that her husband, John Whitmore be dismissed the present service,
and that your honors would please to pass your order for the same,
that he may return to his sick family and your petitioner shall as
in duty bound ever pray &c."
Mass. Records Lib. 35, Page 34.
This was in 1680; before the birth of the last child.
On his return John Whitmore bought some of the land
already described, and also built the house which I have
spoken of. He had two mortgages on this farm. When
68 THE WHITMORES OF MED FORD. [July,
he bought the land of Caleb Hubbard there was one on
it, held by Edward Collins, and he agreed
'* to pay the latter £3 a year and allow him to take such quantities
of fire wood and to have such other privileges on said farm as to
him belongs under the covenant in a mortgage made and dated
March 30, 1675. The aforesaid annual rent to be paid half on or
before the last of November, and the other half before the end of
March, and that then, the grant and Sale above expressed shall to
all intents be utterly void and of no effect, or, otherwise, shall
remain in full power for ever and ever."
County Records, Vol. 7, Page 30.
The other mortgage was to his wife's mother, Mrs.
Mary Eliot, who was a widow and evidently resided
with them here in Medford. It is dated October 19,
"I, John Whitmore, do owe and am indebted to Mary Eliott
for £100, and for further security do mortgage and bind over my
land and houses in Billerica, some time belonging to John Poulter.
The condition of this obligation and mortgage is such, that if said
Whitmore and his heirs shall pay £50 currant money of N. Eng-
land, at or before May 1, 16S3, at the house in Medford, where
she now abides, in one entire sum and during the same term of 4
years £3 per annum in like monev, that then, this obligation and
mortgage shall be to all intents and purposes utterly void."
We learn from the above that Mrs. Eliot resided with
her daughter, and it is interesting to learn that the land
in Billerica that he gave as security to his mother-in-law
was really his wife's, and canie to her through her first
John Whitmore was evidently a man of influence in
Medford, as he occupied many positions of trust. His
name occurs frequently in the town and church records.
On February 1, 1677, he took the oath of fidelity. In
171 1 he was appointed one of a committee of. three to
see about a preaeher. At about this time they started
a contribution box in the church here and John Whit-
more had charge of it. Later on he was asked to render
an account of the money so received. This must have
been considered satisfactory, as he was made deacon of
the church February 11, 17 13, and signed the covenant.
1905.] THE Wl I IT MORES OF MEDFORD. 69
He was elected Selectman in 171 2, and Town Treasurer
in 1714. He was married twice. His first wife, as I have
said, was Rachel Eliot. She was a niece of the Apostle
Eliot, and widow of John Poulter. When she died is
not known, but he married Rebecca Cutler June 3, 1724.
He died February 22, 1739, and his funeral sermon was
preached, by Parson Turell from Acts 21, 1 6th verse:
" There went with us also certain of the disciples of
Cesarea and brought with them one Mnason of Cyprus,
an old disciple, with whom we should lodge."
The two oldest of the children of John Whitmore
w r ere twins, born May 8, 1678. Abigail married John
Elder. As his name does not occur again in the history
of Medford, they probably lived in another town. Fran-
cis, however, lived and died here, February 6, 177 1, at
the age of 93. His first wife was Anna Peirce, and they
had seven children — six daughters and one son, who
died when he was three years old. The following record
is taken from Brook's History of Medford.
Francis Whitmore m. Anna Peirce, December 7, 1699 and had
Sarah, b. May 4, 1701.
Hannah, b. January 22, 1703, died same year.
Anna, b. May 4, 1707.
Eliot, b. March 13, 1710; d. March 16, 17 13.
Rachel, b. April 1, 1712; m. Eben Tufts, February 17, 1 73 1 .
Merc}-, b. March 11, 17 14.
Elizabeth, b. August 6, 1 71 6 ; m. Thomas Fillebrown, March
30, 1732. His wife, Anna, died August 6, 1.7 16, and he
married, second, Mary , who died March 29, 1760.
He was a farmer and bought land of Stephen Willis,
near his father's place. His house stood where the brick
house on Canal street now is. His father also sold land
to him. This land was sold to him for ^10 current
money, in hand, before the signing of the deed, May,
1726. This land is described as
"a certain spot or piece of land, on which his dwelling house
standeth, situate in the town of Medford aforesaid, bounded east-
erly by the orchard land of Thomas Willis ; northerly eight rods
on the land of the aforesaid John Whitmore; southerly on the
70 THE WHITMORES OF MEDFORD, [July,
On February 26, 1739, his father deeded him another
lot of his land.
Francis Whitmore, 2d, signed the Church Covenant
February 11, 17 13. In full town meeting, a committee
was appointed to consider building a new meeting house.
The meeting adjourned to meet again March 14, and
voted to build. There appears to have been some diffi-
culty in arranging the location, for the residents of the
West End, as it was called, signed a protest, and among
the names signed to it are found John Whitmore, senior,
and his two sons, Francis and John, junior.
Another plan was proposed, and this time the east
enders protested, A compromise was effected (after a
good deal of discussion) which seemed to have suited
both parties, and the church was built.
Churches were not consecrated in those days by the
Puritans, but on the first Sunday that the church was
occupied Parson Turell preached from Psalm 84, first
verse, " How amiable are thy tabernacles, O Lord of
In town meeting March 7, 174S, Francis was appointed
second constable, but he preferred to pay a fine of £\o
rather than serve. Francis and his wife Mary presented
a silver tankard with a cover to the church in 1761.
This piece of silver, I am told, has had a little history.
At the time of our Civil War, the First Parish decided
to sell some of its silver for the benefit of the soldiers.
This tankard was one of the pieces selected. Mr. C. O.
Whitmore, living in Boston, heard of it, bought it and
returned it to the church, which still possesses it.
Francis Whitmore, 2d, died February 6, 1 77 1 , at the
age of 93. Not leaving a son, his name passed from his
branch of the family. John Whitmore, 2d, was the third
child of John and Rachel Eliot Whitmore and brother
of the preceding Francis. He was born in Medford
August 27, 1 68 3, in the house near Whitmore 's brook.
The only allusion I have found to him is in connection
with the church. He evidently was a good member of
it. He signed the protest made against the new church
loos.] THE WHITMORBS OF MEDFORD. 71
with his father and brother. He married Mary Lane of
Bedford, then part of Billerica, in 1706.
They had six children.
Mary, b. Tuly, 170;; m. 1st, J. Webber, August 19. 172^; 2d,
Susanna, b. November 25, 170S; m. 1st, Benjamin Webber,
September 6, 1726; 2d, Page.
John, b. April 15, 171 1.
Francis, b. October 4, 17 14.
Martha, b. April 22,, 1 7 1 6 ; in. John Skinner, December 22,
1743; d. March 6, 1780.
William, b. December 19, 1725.
John Whitmore, 2d, was first a housewright, and' after-
wards went into business with his brother Francis, who
was a tanner. He owned much land in Medford, Bed-
ford and other towns. His oldest son, John, removed
to Bedford, and during the latter part of their lives, John
and Mary Lane Whitmore lived there with him. He
became much interested in that town, and was such a
liberal benefactor to the church there that he was men-
tioned with gratitude in its records. He died March
2 6, 1 753- His widow lived till March 27, 17S3, and died
at the age of 96.
I have been told by our president that this Historical
Society is interested not merely in the men who lived
here but also in the women. The most noteworthy thing
that John Whitmore did during his life appears to be his
marriage to Mary Lane. She was a granddaughter of
Job Lane, who was born in 1620 in Rickmansworth,
England. He was in Rehoboth, N. E., in 1644. He
went to England, and was married there in 1647, but
returned to this country and settled in Maiden. In 1658
he built the first church there. He bought land in Bil-
lerica, now Bedford, of Fitz John Winthrop, grandson of
Governor Winthrop, in 1664.
He also had a large estate in England, and his heirs
received the income of it until 1S16, when the property
was sold and divided among them, after 154 years of pay-
ments to New England heirs — an unparalleled case.
He married second, Hannah, daughter of Rev. John
72 THE WHITMORES OF MEDFORD. [July,
Raynor of Dover, N. H. He represented Maiden and
Billerica in the General Court, and died in 1697.
His son John Lane, father of Mary Lane Whit mo re, was
born in Maiden in 1661 and married Susannah Whipple
of Ipswich in 16S1. She died in 17 13 and he died in
1 7 14. They lived in Bedford and had a large family of
children. * He was very active in Indian wars, and held
many positions in the militia, being appointed Captain
by the Earl of Belmont in 1699, Major in a regiment
of horse and foot in 171 1 by Governor Dudley, and is
spoken of as Colonel. He was evidently a personal friend
of Governor Dudley, as is shown in their correspondence.
His daughter Mary evidently inherited the martial spirit
of her ancestors. During a season of Indian alarms,
before her marriage, she was in her father's house in Bed-
ford, with one soldier on guard, and looking from a win-
dow in the roof, she saw something suspicious behind a
stump. The soldier declined to fire; she took his gun,
discharged it, and a dead Indian rolled into sight.
John Whitrriore, third of that name, as I have said,
went to Bedford and remained there, so his line of the
family passed out of Medford.
Francis, the third son of John and Mary Lane Whit-
more, was born here October 4, 17 14. He married
Mary Hall, January 1, 1739. Their children were: —
Stephen, b. October 21, 1739.
Francis, bap. August 16, 1 7 4 1 .
William, b. September 6, 1746.
Mary, b. December 25, 1750; m. Thomas Blodgett of Lexington.
Elizabeth, b. November 27, 1752; m. Elisha Seavins.
John, b. November 25, 1754.
Susanna, b. September 14, 1757; m. Thomas Dinsmore.
Andrew, b. October, 1760.
This Francis was engaged in business in Medford,-
but his too generous method of dealing embarrassed his
affairs, and having with the Rev. Mr. Stone purchased
a township on the Kennebec river, he removed thither
with his eldest son Stephen. He died April 27, 1794,
and his wife died October 20, 1791.
1905.] - THE WHITMORES OF MEDFORD. 73
William Whitmore, third son of John and Mary Lane
Whitmore, was born December 19, 1725. He married
Mary Brooks, daughter of Thomas and Mary Brooks,
and had six children. The children all died but Mary,
born October 25, 1752, who married Mr. Walker of
Rindge, New Hampshire. William Whitmore was a
graduate of Harvard College, and at one time a school-
master, but ill health prevented him from engaging in
active pursuits. His death was somewhat peculiar, as he
died in consequence of an illness produced by a dread
of small pox. His death. occurred March 10, 1760, and
his widow died October 10, 1765. With him his line' of
the family name became extinct.
When Francis and Mary Hall Whitmore went to
Maine, they took with them their eldest son, Stephen,
who never returned to Medford. Francis, their second
son, and fourth of that name, was born September 6, 1 746.
He married, but the name of his wife is not recorded.*
They had two children : —
Elizabeth Sanders, bap. Oct. 13, 1765; d. August 22, 1777.
Francis, bap. August 2, 1767; d. August 14, 1S20.
This Francis removed to Boston and with him the name
of Whitmore departed from Medford.
I have stated that although the family of Whitmore
left Medford more than a hundred years ago, that we are
indebted to one of its descendants for much of the gene-
alogical work done in the History of Medford. Wil-
liam Henry Whitmore of Boston, is descended from the
Francis and Mary Hall Whitmore who went to Maine.
John, born November 25, 1754, went there with them.
They lived in Bowdoinham, but John went to Bath and
there married Fluldah Crooker. He was a pilot and
was drowned in the Kennebec river through the treach-
ery of another pilot, who saw him fall back in his boat
and sailed away, leaving him without assistance. This
man acknowledged it on his death bed.
This John and Huldah Crooker Whitmore had twelve
♦Elizabeth Bowman. [Ed.]
i-± THE LOYALISTS OF MEDFORD. [July,
children. The oldest son, William Dickman Whitmore,
married Rhoda Woodward, January 20, 1S05, and had
four children, two of whom died in infancy. Of the
other two, Huldah married Judge Barrows of Brunswick,
Maine, and had no children. The other, Charles O.
Whitmore, removed to Boston when a young man, and
married; first, Lovice Ayres, who died in 1849. He mar-
ried, second, Mary Tarbell Blake, widow of George Blake
of Boston. Charles O. and Lovice Ayres Whitmore
had seven children. The third son, William Henry
Whitmore,* was born in Dorchester, September 6, 1836,
and died in Boston in June, 1900. He was a merchant,
and afterwards City Registrar. He married Frances
Maynard of Boston and left one son, Charles Edward,
born in 18S7, now in Harvard College.
Mr. William Whitmore must have become interested
in genealogy at a very early age, as he was only eighteen
at the time the History of Medford was published and
he worked largely on the genealogies of all the families
given in that book.
The following notice is from the Transcript, I think.
One of the most remarkable achievements of the late William
H. Whitmore, in connection with his efforts to save the Old State
House and in restoring its original architecture, was his subduing
the fierce opposition to the restoration of the lion and the unicorn
thereon. Inasmuch as these were the emblems of Great Britain,
there were not lacking of our fellow citizens those that insisted that
they should not be put back on the building.
While assisting Mr. Brooks in compiling the History
of Medford, it occured to him that no more fitting place
could be found for the remains of his ancestors than the
old burying ground on Salem street. He had them
disinterred from their original resting places, and brought
here and buried. They are in the southeast corner of
ALICE C. AYRES.
*Sce Medford Historical Register, vol. 3, p. 153.
1905.] THE WEST END SCHOOLHOUSE. 75
THE WEST END SCHOOLHOUSE.
Moses Whitcher Manx.
H^HE month of April, 1829, was the time when the
JL first West Medford schoolhouse was built — the
humble predecessor of the Brooks schoolhouses — of which
name there have been three. Frederic Kendall was its
builder. In constructing it, he deserved commendation
for the despatch with which he performed his work, as
did also the committee who had the work in charge and
The}' were John Angier, Jonathan Brooks, and Noah
Johnson, and were authorized by the town in the March
meeting of that year. The selectmen were equally
prompt in paying Mr. Kendall for his work, as on May
10 they ordered the treasurer so to do. Three hundred
and eighty-five dollars paid the bill, and twenty dollars
more was received by Mr. Brooks for the land. This
was on the southwesterly side of Woburn street, in
the corner of the Jonathan Brooks estate, adjoining
John Bishop's land, where F. A. Oxnard now resides,
and was nearly opposite the Sarah Fuller Home. It
was then deemed a central location for the West End,
which then included the southerly edge of the present
town of Winchester, once set off from Charlestown to
Medford, and known as Symmes' Corner. Later, there
was a school maintained in a dwelling house in that
locality. The lot was irregular in shape, and so small
that the building must have been placed with its side
toward the road.
Somewhere near by, or on the land, there was a well
which John Howe in the following September was paid
for cleansing. Within three years from its erection,
after much discussion in town meeting, Nathan Adams,
Nathan Wait and Noah Johnson attended to its removal
to the town's land on Canal lane, near the Medford
Almshouse (which was built in 181 2), and nearer to
Capt. Joseph Wyatt's house on High street. Nearby was
76 THE WEST E.Y& SCHOOLHOUSE. [July,
the Whitmore Brook, and across High street was a
"spreading chestnut tree," in whose shade was the vil-
lage blacksmith shop. Nearby, also, was a lordly elm ;
while ii}) the lane that crossed the brook, were poplars
that are monarchs now.
In its new location, with its entrance toward the lane
and brook, it stood for twenty years, and was the Hall
of Wisdom toward which the youth of the West End
turned their steps, until their thirst for knowledge out-
grew its capacities and sought other sources. As
nearly as can be learned, it was 18x24 feet in size; a
partition some six feet from the front end, with a door
in the middle, made on the right a bin for wood, and on
the left a space for the hanging of the children's wraps.
This left a square room about nine feet high, with two
windows in each of the three exterior walls. These
were well up from the floor, of small panes, and secured
outside with shutters. The teacher's desk was at the
right of the entrance, and at the left was a cast iron box
stove with a door in one end, into which sizable sticks
of v;ood could be fed.
The scholars' seats were wooden benches, and the
desks were of the most primitive kind, made on the spot
and firmly fastened to the floor. In process of time
these were hand carved in original and quaint design,
not furnished by the teachers, however.
The interior was plastered from the window sill up-
ward, and was o?ice white, while the exterior may have
had a coat of red paint or possibly none at all — the
chances in favor of the latter. It had been nearly four
years in its new location when one June day the first-
railway train passed by on its way to Boston. We may
imagine the curiosity and excitement among the chil-
dren. Let us trust that the schoolma'arn was kind and
allowed them to look out and see the novel sight; quite
likely she did so herself. In 1849 the school committee
recommended that this schoolhouse be thoroughly re-
repaired and painted; and added " that on account of
J : .1
'lb i !
1905.3 THE WEST EXD SCHOOLHOUSE. 77
the condition of this schoolhouse, and the irregular at-
tendance of several of the scholars, this school cannot
be expected to appear in a good state."
There were then "thirty scholars, twenty-three at the
examination; twenty average attendance." In 1 85 1 the
town began the erection of a more modern school building,
upon the western slope of "Mystic Mount." The citizens
of West Medford assisting by their contributions, the re-
sult was a larger and two-storied structure with some
pretension to architectural style. While this was build-
ing, late in the afternoon of August 22, a destructive
tornado or cyclone swept through a portion of the vil-
lage, wrecking everything in its track. The old school-
house did not escape, but was completely destroyed and
its floor, with the seats still fastened to it, was found up-
side down across Whitmore Brook. In its hasty flight
it encountered a large horse chestnut tree. " Knowledge
is power"; the tree was no match for the schoolhouse
in the general shake-up of that fateful time, and was cut
completely off. No scholars or teacher were injured, as
it was vacation time, but school was to have begun
three days later. In 1846 Miss Mary Gleason was the
teacher, at an annual salary of $109.50. She still resides
in old Medford, and is now known as Mrs. Otis Water-
man; with her the writer had a pleasant interview re-
cently. She at once recognized the scene of her early
labors in the cause of education, when shown the origi-
nal picture from which our illustration is copied. This,
though not made on the spot by " our special artist" in
years agone, was made by a member of the Historical
Society (himself a later Brooks school boy), as the re-
sult of information and details gathered from old resi-
dents and schoolboys of the '40s, by the writer. It has
found a place in the library of the Brooks school of
today in company with those of its successors.
The four are a commentary on the growth of the
western section of Medford, and the progress made
along educational lines.
78 RECORDS. — "FULL OF YEARS" [ July,
RECORDS OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR.
Receipts found nt City Hall, Medford, 1905.
Medford, July ioth, 1780.
We the Subscribers doe Severally Inlist ourselves as
Soldiers for the Town of Medford and Severally Promise
to March to Clovorack or elsewhere and Join the Army
and Doe Dutv for the Term of three Months Five
Thousand Dollars Each After our Arrivell There as
Witness our hands
Felt 100 Do 300 Do
150 Stockg & Hatt
John Le Bosquet
Medford May 27, 1779
Recvd of Benj Hall Ebenr Hall Selectmen of Medford
Forty live Pounds for which I Promise to Duty as a
Soldier in Tivertown or Else where Untill the first Day
of July Next for the Town of Medford.
"FULL OF YEARS. 1 '
By Helen T. Wild, May 26, 1905.
AN anniversary like the one we are celebrating this
year causes us who are " bearing the burden and
heat of the day" to stop a moment and think of those
who are retiring into the shadow, but who are looking
on, interested witnesses of our doings.
We must remember that during the last twenty
years great changes in population have taken place, and
1905.] "FULL OF YEARS." 79
these elder ones are unknown to many, although they
have the affectionate regard of those who, as little
children, knew them in their full vigor. It has inter-
ested some of us who have been looking up residents of
Medford in years past to search for elderly people, na-
tives of this city. As we have examined the records,
tender thoughts have filled our minds as we read the
names of those whose faces were familiar to us, and
found it hard to realize that they have passed on.
Mr. and Mrs. Dudley C. Hall, Mrs. Thomas S. Har-
low and her sister, Mrs. Fitch, Miss Helen Porter, Miss
Almira Stetson, Mrs. Matilda T. Haskins, Mrs. George
F. Lane, Messrs. Elijah B. Smith, Cleopas Johnson,
David Osgood Kidder and eighteen others, resident in
Medford, have died within the last seven years, all of
them born here more than three quarters of a century ago.
We recognized the names of Mr. John K. Fuller of
Dorchester, Mrs. Caroline R. (Brooks) Hayes of Wo-
burn, Mrs. Hepsa (Hall) Bradlee of Boston, Mr. Oliver
Wellington of Winchester, Mr. Andrew D. Blanchard of
Melrose, and Mr. Andrew Waitt of Cambridge, who
although no longer residents, claim Medford as their
birthplace, and have passed beyond four score years.
The records of the early part of the last century are
imperfect, and it is difficult to recognize married women
under their maiden names, but as careful a search as
possible has resulted in finding the following twenty-six
persons who are natives of Medford, born previous to
June 1S30, who have lived here continuously, or for the
greater part of their lives, and who are now residents.
Henry Richardson, b. June 26, 1818.
Sarah A. (Kimbail) Lincoln, b. Julv 30, 181S.
Mary W. (Todd; Roberts, b. May 15, 1S19.
Marv W. (Blanchard) Harlow, b. 'March I, 1S21.
Elizabeth (Todd) Turner, b- April 18, 1S21.
William C. Sprague, b. June 13, 1823.
Marv M. (Cushing) Weston, b. December 27, 1825.
Frederick D. II. Thomas, b. May 8, 1826.
James F. Fifieid, b. September 15, 1826.
Harriet W. (Joyce) Brown, b. October 29, 1826.
Mary (White) Hartshorn, b. December 13, 1826.
80 PAPERS AXD ADDRESSES, 1904-5. [July, 1005.
J. Everett Wellington, b. April 27, 18:7.
Mary (Gieason) Waterman, b. July 2, 1S27.
Susan R. (Hall) Turner, b. August 29, 1S27.
Lucy A. Peek. b. June 24, 1S2S.
Ann C. (Drew) Jaquith, b. August 1, 182S.
Sarah Jane Blanchard, b. January 13. 1S29.
Lucy B. (Butters) Conery, b. February 2, 1S29.
Susan E. (Withington) Howe, b. April 20, 1S29.
Henry F. Moore, b. Tune 25, 1829.
Francis A. Wait, b. July 2S, 1S29,
John H. Haskeii, b. July 30, 1S29.
Ellen A. Jaquith, b. August 3, 1S29.
James B. Ewell, b. September 13, 1S29.
Susan R. (Wheeler) Hanscomb, b. October 19, 1S29.
Emeline A. Sparrell, February 7, 1S30.
PAPERS AND ADDRESSES, 1904-5.
October 17.— Opening Night "Vacation Experiences."
Rev. H. C. DeLong.
November 21.- — " ihe Taverns of Medford." Mr. John
December 19. — "Genealogy — -Heraldry." Mr. George
January 16.— "The Whitmores of Medford and Some
of Their Descendants," Miss Alice C. Ayres.
February 20. — " Picturesque Medford." Illustrated.
Mr." Will C. Eddy.
March 20.— "Captain Isaac Hall." Mr. Hall Gleason.
April 17.—-" The Loyalists of Medford." Miss Grace L.
May 15. — "A Tour in Mexico." Mr. George S. Delano.
SATURDAY EVENING COURSE.
December 3. — -" Glimpses of Hawaii." Illustrated. Miss
A. W. Lincoln.
January 7. — " Social Life of ye Okie Time." Mr. J. H.
Crandon of Maiden.
February 4. — "Reminiscences of President Lincoln." Mr.
March 4.—" Medford as a Residential City." Mr. Her-
bert A. Weitz.
FYPES OK BUILDINGS IN WEST MEDFORD BEFORE 1870
Jonathan Brooks Homestead.
B ROO K5 ScHOOLHOCSE .
Residence ok C. C. Stevens.
Rev. Chakles Brooks' Mansion.
Residence of Geo. F. Spauldii
Samuel Tkfl Homester
The Medford Historical Register.
Vol. VIII. ' OCTOBER, 1905. No. 4.
WEST MEDFORD IN 1870.
By Moses Whitcher Mann.
[Read before the Medford Historical Society, May 16, 1904.]
THE old poet with whose writings we struggled in
our schooldays, relates that when /Eneas told before
Queen Dido of the siege of Troy, he remarked, " quaeque
ipse miserrima vicii, et quorum pars magna fuiV If I
may be allowed the old pronunciation I may also be
allowed a free translation : " All of which I saw and part
of which I was/' and so with so illustrious an example
the speaker may not be deemed egotistical if, in the re-
marks of the evening, he uses the personal pronoun
I wish to antedate the time announced on our pro-
gram, and by the president, by some years, and ask you
to take a backward glimpse of the " West End," for so
was that portion of Medford once called. It is not my
intention to take you into ancient history, but to ask you
to view the locality, first through a schoolboy's eyes.
The schoolboy lived in Woburn, and the big Lippincott's
Gazetteer on the teacher's desk, informed him that his
home town was connected with Boston by the Boston &
Lowell Railroad and Middlesex Canal ; it might well
have added to these, the public highways. Of these lat-
ter, High and Woburn streets, as well as the canal and
the railroad, passed through the West End. One hun-
dred years before this, Medford citizens had found the
most central or most convenient location for their meet-
ing-house and first s.choolhouse at the foot of Mann
Simond's Hill on High street, and in 1829 the most
convenient situation for the West jGWschoolhouse was
82 WEST MEDFORD IN 1870. [Oct.
a little way up Woburn street. For fifty years the
canal had its Landing No. 4, with its freight yard, lock
and tavern, and some two miles of its channel in the
West End. The railroad that had succeeded it in popu-
lar favor also had stopping places at Symmes' Bridge,
Medford Gates, Medford Steps and Willow Bridge, all
in the western part of Medford. The Lowell Railroad
was opened on June 24, 1835, an ^ is said to have been
the first to carry passengers into Boston. In your
schoolboy's time, it was still in its infancy, i.e., it wasn't
twenty-one years old. It followed closely the route of
the canal, crossing it in West Medford between the
Steps and the river and, carefully avoiding the centres of
population, made its way between two villages for its
As the mountain wouldn't come to Mahomet, Ma-
homet had to come to the mountain ; so in proximity to
...the various stopping places, people began taking up a
residence. In 1851, by the incorporation of the town of
Winchester, Medford lost a part of its territory, mainly
that it had acquired from Charlestown, and which was
known as Bacon ville, and the Symmes' Bridge became
Bacon's Bridge. Later it was called Mystic Station and
is now known as Wedgemere.
When a boy I used to enjoy the ten-mile ride over the
railway to Boston on more or less frequent occasions,
and for several months attended school in that city, go-
ing to and fro each day.
The panorama presented to my gaze through the rat-
tling windows of the cars became fixed — photographed
as it were — in my memory.
Come with me now (in imagination, at least,) and look
on the scene, and see the picture as it appears to my view
tonight. We will take one of the cars of the train in
the old station at the foot of Lowell street in Boston.
It is one of the old timers, with low roof and black hair-
cloth seats, with two-sashed and four-paned windows
that rattle merrily as the train rolls none too smoothly
1905.] WEST MEDFORD IN 1S70. 83
over the short iron rails laid on the stone sleepers that
were boated down from Tyngsboro on the canal. Met-
allic letters nearly a foot high, along the outside of the
car, inform you it is the Woburn Branch train; while
the engine with its big smoke slack (an inverted cone)
has" its tender piled high with wood, for coal is not as
yet used on the railway. The bell rings and we are
started on" our way, and after some fifteen minutes' ride
mainly through a deep cut the train stops at a little shed,
and the brakeman shouts, " Willow Bridge." A lone
passenger has raised the target beside the track, and
climbing the car steps leaves the little shed alone in its
loneliness, for no care : taker is there, and we move on
again. Now we are in the ancient town of Medford.
Possibly it is afternoon, and the western sunlight illum-
ines the turnpike and distant marshes, and the river's
course, like a ribbon of silver, winds along in their midst.
The ships building along the banks of the Mystic, the
nearer brickyards, with their water-filled clay pits and
shed-covered and perhaps smoking kilns, or the long piles
of newly-made bricks, and the bare-footed brick makers,
with the great piles of cordwood beside the track are in
Perhaps it is market day and the stock yards are full
of lowing cattle and bleating sheep (just unloaded from
the long trains that have come down from New Hamp-
shire) or out on the highway a cloud of dust marks the
passing of a drove toward Cambridge or Woburn. All
this we see near Willow 7 Bridge. It must not be under-
stood that any bridge there was constructed of willow.
The road to West Cambridge crossed the railway by a
wooden bridge of more durable material, but large wil-
low trees along the borders of Winter Brook evidently
united with the bridge in suggesting a name for the rail-
way station, which, though still on the Medford side of
the line, is now called North Somerville. After passing
the cattle yards a road might be seen passing below the
track, and on the left toward the setting sun, loomed up
84 WEST MEDFORD IN 1S70. [Oct.
the three-story hotel called the Somerville House.
Farther away at the top of Quarry Hill was the old
Powder House, a relic of long ago when the Medford
people went thither for their grist to be ground — for it
was once a windmill tower. Three buildings crowned
the top of Walnut Tree Hill, as it was formerly called,
the beginning of Tufts College; and the depot across
the track, as was also the college site, became known as
Perhaps we have waited a few years and taken
another train, and our picture has grown and improved
some. We may be seated in new cars, the first of the
monitor top, the metallic letters have been succeeded by
painted ones, the hair-cloth seats by plush, and the
windows with glass of larger size. The seat backs are
locked securely, so none can be turned by passengers,
and the stoves' have an iron strap around them to hold
them to the car floor and their doors are like a surly
dog — well chained up; and not without reason. It is
before the days of steam or air brakes, but some inven-
tive genius has equipped, the train with a system of
levers, wire ropes and pulleys, by which the engine driver
can apply the brakes to the wheels of an entire train
and bring it to a sudden standstill. Sometimes it was
sudden, and passengers vacated their seats involuntarily,
or the stove doors would fly open, scattering hot coals
and ashes generously.
Just back from College Hill on the right, sheltered
by the trees and hedges, was, and still is, the Stearns
residence. With its brick windmill tower it was an
attractive sight; to which was added the interest of its
connection with another railway, the " underground
railroad " of ante-bellum days.
Passing the old station of Medford Steps with its long
stairway — this was on the right hand — and under a
bridge now removed, and emerging from the railway
cut, the most noticeable object was the First Parish
Church, with its several storied steeple, one of which
1905.] WEST MBDFORD IN 1S70. 85
contained the original town clock presented by Mr.
Brooks, while higher up was the bell cast by Paul
Revere. At this time it will lack the ornamental finish
given later by the Toughs (college boys), that of a black
stovepipe hat securely fastened on the three-pronged
lightning rod that surmounted the top story of the
steeple. Below the meeting-house the terraced gardens
of the Bigelow estate sloped away from High street to
the mouth of Meetinghouse Brook, while scattered along
the road were the old-fashioned houses, some now de-
molished, among them that of Parson Turell, others re-
modeled and still remaining.
As the train moved along the view of these was
quickly broken by the seamed and scarred promontory
of Rock Hill, where once was the home of Nanepashe-
mit, and which commanded a view of the river in either
direction. No bridge spanned the river at Auburn
. street as now, but the disused canal, innocent of water,
was plainly visible before reaching the loop in the river
near' the mouth of Whit more Brook, where once a ship
was built and launched. Scattered here and there on
the gentle slope from High street to the river, and on
the steeper side of Mystic Hill were some fifty dwellings
in 1870, among which the Brooks schoolhouse stood,
sharply out as a central figure. These formed the bulk
of the West End — the West Medford of 1S70.
To the left of the high embankment in which is the
railway arch across the Mystic, was a stretch of marsh
crossed by the embankments of the old canal, and be-
yond these, the tall, graceful chimney of the pumping
station of the Charlestown Water Works, then just com-
pleted, but now disused. Just here Menotomy River
(now degenerated into Alewife Brook), finishes its slug-
gish course from Fresh Pond in Cambridge to the Mys-
tic, and here it was that Governor Winthrop once spent
an October night alone (in 1631), an uninvited guest
in the vacant dwelling of Sagamore John. Still looking
out from the car window to the left, we would see the
86 WEST MEDFORD IN /S70. [Oct.
bath houses on the river's bank, for the waters of the
Mystic were clearer then than in later years ; the fish
were abundant, for a little farther up stream were the
nets of the fishermen stretched across the river to the
opposite bank in Somerville. Drawn up on the Med-
.ford side, perchance, might be the fishers' boats, for here
was Landing No. 4 of the old canal days. An enor-
mous willow, over four feet in diameter, and several
sycamores shaded the spot, while the great stone walls
of the canal lock, overrun with blackberry vines and
filled with a growth of bushes, told the story of the pass-
ing of the old waterway. This was accentuated by the
slowly decaying timbers of the aqueduct across the river,
from whose supporting braces hung the sedge grass left
by the flood tide. Empty for nearly twenty years, it had
been exposed to the decaying forces of nature and it
was a picturesque ruin. Beyond this, a broad plain (its
nearer edge having been excavated over a century
earlier in the manufacture of bricks), sloping slightly
away, revealed the course of the Mystic, which, stretch-
ing out like an encircling arm with its hand holding a
little island, reached the lower lake just above Wear
Bridge. A bracelet for the wrist was formed by the
Wood's dam. This though useful, was n't considered
either ornamental or desirable by the devotees of boat-
ing ; a little later it was the scene of angry dispute and
destructive visitation, and finally the subject of litigation,
resulting adversely to the occupants of the picturesque
and willow shaded mill on the Menotomy side.
As we ride, all this flits by in less time than it takes
to tell it, unless perchance the train is one of the accom-
modation kind, making thirteen stops in ten miles. It
stops and leaves the cars stretched across High street.
This station was formerly called " Medford Gates," as it-
was then as now at a grade crossing. As a protective
measure, gates consisting of long planks drawn horizon-
tally from a box on either side of the street, telescoped
together beside the track, and barred the passage of
1905.] WEST MED FORI) IN 1S70. ST
teams during the passage of trains. These have fallen
into disuse and are removed, but a man is stationed with
a red flag to guard the crossing. We notice that he has
lost an arm, the result of an accident while in the com-
pany's service some years before. The little station oc-
cupies the acute angle between High street and the
tracks, and here we alight. Looking squarely away
down the road, we see the Usher Bridge and the Raw-
son farm on " Goat Acre," while following High street
we see the open tower of the Town Hall, and the
clustering church spires of Arlington, and remember
that one April morning, nearly a century before, Paul
Revere hurried along this same road to Menotomy and
To the left, and across the street stood the eagle-
crowned flagstaff, that some years before used to stand
on Main street near Medford Square, and earlier still
was a mast in some Medford ship. Enclosed by a rough
picket fence, which was painted yellow, it was near to
the well, later forgotten, into whose covering some one
broke a few years ago. Back of this was the semi-
nary building now known as Mystic Hall. Two rows
of poplar trees bordered a walk across the field to the
Mystic Mansion, erstwhile the Medford almshouse.
Westward from the seminary was the three-story resi-
dence of Mr. Smith, with its tower with windows of
colored glass, and the hundred-foot barn beyond. These
were destroyed in various incendiary fires, for a time
so numerous in Medford.
Across High street and extending to the shores of
Medford pond, and off across the line into Winchester,
lay the estate of Mr. Brooks, then as now a place of
beauty. At that time two great black walnut trees
reared their stately forms skyward, near the old brick
wall built by Pomp, the slave; for others beside Colonel
Royall had slaves in Medford in the old colonial days.
There is now but one of these trees, and a rare speci-
men of its kind. It marks the location of the old
88 WEST MED FORD IN i$;o. [Oct.
mansion of "colony times, when we were under the king."
From a point in the road just beyond, Bunker Hill
monument could once be seen. For some days during
my Boston school attendance 1 watched the removal of
a barn or shop from the vicinity of the canal landing,
across the railroad to the summit of Mystic Hill (to
which the flagstaff has been removed, and there re-
mains). This building was there remodelled, and made
into a dwelling, with a four-story tower. Years later it
was partially burned, and in its second alteration and
removal lost the two upper stories of its tower, and is
not now the conspicuous object it was in the seventies.
And now having shown you the picture of the West
End as the schoolboy saw it, let me say something of
the West Meclford of the early seventies, as the boy,
then a young man, observed it.
The " Hillside " was unknown, as the term began to be
applied some sixteen years later, when the name of Med-
ford Steps was discontinued by the railway company.
Only two houses were in that section, and but one, that
of Mr. Perkins on Winthrop street, near the reservoir,
was occupied. A little later Mr. C. C. Stevens moved
into the other, just completed on North street His
nearest neighbor was Billy Hamilton, often called the
wild Irishman, but his home, as well as that of Bernard
Born, the engineer at the water works, was within the
limits of Somerville. At that time (May, i S70,) there were
but eighteen houses west of the railway. Of these
eighteen the mansion and farm houses, one house
on Canal street, belonging to Edward Brooks, and two
houses owned by the railway company, occupied by
Rueben Willey the station agent, and Daniel Kelley,
the flagman, formed a part. On Bower street were the
residences of Horace A. Breed and Henry T. Wood,
while near the centre of the plain was the dwelling of
George Spaulding, which, with its cruciform shape and
two-story cupola, was a noticeable object, and sometimes
called the steamboat house. The home and two smaller
1905.] WEST MED FORD IN iSyo. 89
houses of Gilbert Lincoln, and the newly built house of
Florist Duane completed the number not included in the
" Smith estate." This comprised the territory lying be-
tween High street, the railroad and the river, with a
small portion across the track, adjoining Canal street.
Some twenty years before it had been laid out in lots,
and given the name of " Brooklands," which name, how-
ever, had' not clung to it. Possibly it blew away in the
tornado of August, 1851, and like some more tangible
objects was lost to general knowledge.
Had I in 1S70 any intimation that in this year of
grace, 1904, I would have been expected to tell the as-
sembled friends about "West Medford in 1S70," I would
have taken a more careful and broader outlook and made
specific preparation for the same.
It seems a little curious, however, that the present
occasion should so nearly mark the anniversary of my
first actual visit to the little village. On the third Mon-
day evening in May, I met by appointment one of the
new owners of the Smith estate at the railway station
and took with him a hasty view of their recent purchase.
Coming from Woburn by the inward train, I had a
half hour to spare ere the outward train arrived. This
I improved by strolling about the village, making the
schoolhouse my objective point. Two houses on Auburn
street and two more on Allston, and all in the rear of
the school were nearly completed : these naturally came
in for a share in my observation. On meeting my ap-
pointee, we at once repaired to the " Mansion " on
Canal street. Sixteen years before, the schoolboy had
been interested in the alterations and repairs then being
made upon it; especially in the great four-panecl
windows — then a novelty — and the gilt letters over
the western door, that informed the passers that it was
the " Mystic Mansion." Built in 18 12 by the town of
Medford, it was for forty years the almshouse. Sold by
the town, and remodelled in '54, it was for a few years
one of the " Mystic Hall Seminary " buildings, and after
90 WEST MED FORD IN 1870. [Oct.
the seminary's transfer to Washington it was occupied by
various parties, but vacant at the time of our visit. A
long greenhouse, in a ruinous state, occupied the corner
of the lot, where once stood the district schoolhouse;
while giant elm and willow trees stood on either side
of the driveway, and shaded grounds and street alike.
The various outbuildings gave abundant evidence of
neglect, and the glamour of romantic association was dis-
pelled on entering the classic halls of the mansion. A
hasty survey of its interior was followed by a walk across
the held to the old " Canal Tavern," which with three
dwellings on Canal street and the seminary building,
made up the eighteen houses I have named. A few days
later (May 26), as the result of an interview with all the
proprietors, the "Smith estate" came under my superin-
tendence, and soon after, taking up my abode in one of
their houses, I became a resident and citizen of Medford.
In the seminary building, in what was once known as
Everett Hall, Ellis Pitcher kept a grocery; selling out
that spring to Sawyer & Parmenter, and they, soon
after, to J. E. Ober, who then had a milk route there.
No other store of any kind was kept in the West End,
but a Mr. Reed, who resided on Allston street (in the
house recently burned), sold dry goods from a wagon
and supplied such as came to his house for them.
The postoffice (established in 1852) was, in '69, kept
by Mr. Pitcher, who was in June of '70 succeeded by
Mr, Willey ; and for ten years the railroad station housed
it. Six houses on Woburn street and six more on Pur-
chase street formed the outlying district called Brier-
ville. This name must have flown also, as 1 haven't
heard it so called for thirty years. Through this sec-
tion, some eighteen years before, w r as begun the Stone-
ham Branch Railroad. The iron rails were never laid,
nor did the " iron horse " come ; and there were those that
said that Medford people knew not " a good thing " etc.,
and that, fearing the loss of the depot in Medford Square
as a terminal, they gave little support to the enterprise.
1905.] WEST ME I) FORD IX 1S70. 91
However this may be, the owner and resident who re-
moved his house from the corner of High and A listen
streets to Purchase street had some faith in it, and
though requiring a bridge across the intervening valley
and wailing for thirty years, the occupants are now ac-
commodated by the frequent passing of the electric car
with the pneumatic whistle.
The rest of the village of '70 was grouped around the
Brooks school building, whose ample grounds speak
well for the foresight of the town of '67. This portion
had been laid out in lots, and streets opened in 1S45,
and in nine years thirty-five dwellings had been erected.
These are readily distinguished today. The Usher
residence, now like ancient Gaul- — divided into three
parts — and removed, occupied the site of the brick and
stone building bearing his name; and v;as surrounded
by numerous trees, of which the maples on Playstead
Road are a part. The great spreading elm (a little in
the street to be sure, but a thing of beauty), had not yet-
been ruthlessly removed ; while the big horse chestnut,
wrenched and torn by the tornado of '51, still stood at
the end of Warren street. The old Usher house, de-
crepit with years, was on the present postofhee site, as
was a little one-room building, in which a variety store
had once been kept. Beside this was Captain Wyatt's
residence, which, enlarged a little, still remains, till re-
cently the residence of his grandson, William Cheney.
The " Gamage corner" had not begun to take on the
various additions and alterations, for neither Chinese
nor yet " Mikado laundry" had arrived. Policeman
Richardson had not yet come to engage in the livery
business, which for over thirty years has been a stable
one, though conducted by several proprietors.
Edward Shaw with his express came not till '71, nor
was he located beside Whitmore Brook till five years
later. Cunningham' s omnibus made no trips to Med-
ford Square, nor did, indeed, till '76, while the bobtail
car which succeeded the omnibus would at that day have
been deemed a wild enterprise.
92 WEST MEDFORD IN 1870. [Oct.
Purchase street (now Winthrop), had been open some
twenty-five years, and Woburn street, once the main
road to Boston, was but little used, as the northern
travel came not up Marm Simond's Hill. Sugar Loaf
Hill had not been cut out so widely, nor yet by the ac-
tion of the stone-crusher granulated and spread on Med-
ford streets, to sweeten the experiences of travel. Pur-
chase street was Medford's " Via Dolorosa " — the way to
the almshouse and the silent city of the dead. Mystic
Hill, rocky and bare at its top, was beginning to be in-
vaded by dwellers, but they were few and far apart.
Nestled in a little hollow on its western slope was a
pond, whose denizens in " the good old summer time "
made night melodious, informing the listener that
"Paddy got drunk — got drunk." Shaded by willows,
and surrounded by a tangled growth (possibly suggest-
ing the name of Brierville), its waters found a way into
Whitmore Brook. The stone tower on Hastings Heights,
as we call the hill now, overlooks the place ; while the
site of the pond is surrounded with houses, the homes
of recent comers and residents.
In 1870, water was introduced into Medford from
Spot Pond, and building operations commenced upon
the long vacant Smith estate, which for some years was
called by some of the hill dwellers the " Flats." Possi-
bly they had forgotten, or, perhaps, never knew, that
years before, their location was rather contemptuously
called by some of their townsmen the " Fag-ejid"
Of the residents of the West End in 1870 a few words
will not be out of place. I shall speak only of such as
came more particularly under my notice. Coming to
the village with the intention of there making my home,
the Sabbath gathering of the people attracted my atten-
tion. This was held in Mystic Hall (in the old semi-
nary building), and was under the auspices of the
West Medford Christian Union (a non-sectarian organ-
ization), as no church of any order then existed in West
19Q5O WEST MED FORD IN 1870. 93
On my first home Sabbath, with the good lady whom
a few weeks before I had taken for better or for worse
(I've found her better), we arrived early at Mystic Hall,
and taking a back seat, instead of being observed of
all observers, we had an opportunity to see some of our
new neighbors as they assembled. Miss Addie Morss
served as organist and played the "Nuns' Prayer" as a
voluntary,, and accompanied the congregational singing.
A French gentleman, the Rev. Louis Charpiot, was the
clergyman. He was of the Trinitarian Congregational
order, and had but recently begun preaching in West
Medford, being employed on the editorial staff of the
Nation then published by Mr. Usher, who in the spring
of 71 established the Medford Joitrnal, since which time
Medford has never been without a weekly paper.
He had been preceded by Rev. M. B. Chapman, who
had served for two years. Mr. Chapman was a Metho-
dist, and a student in Boston University, and boarded
with Mrs. G. A. Spaulding. He was even then de-
scribed as a brilliant preacher and elicited the remark
from a shrewd observer, " I want to hear him again and
see if he had all his powder in one gun." Mr. Chap-
man married while at West Medford, and one day just
previous, said to Mrs. Spaulding, " When I return I shall
bring a lady with me. I think a great deal of her, I want
you to, also." He is now known as Dr. Chapman and
is one of the professors in Boston University.
Mr. Charpiot preached on Sabbath morning and even-
ing ; sometimes a lecture on current events was sub-
stituted for the evening sermon. I well remember his
review of the Franco-Prussian war of 1870, and his biting-
sarcasm on " Napoleon the little." Mr. Charpiot resigned
in September of '71, and after supplies by various clergy-
men, the Rev. W. E. Huntington was secured for the
rest of the year. A young man of rare promise, his ser-
vices were greatly enjoyed. He was the last of the
Christian Union preachers and was of the Methodist
Episcopal order. After serving the largest churches of
94 WEST MED FORD IN jS 7 o. [Oct.
his denomination in Boston and Newton, he entered
into educational work, and is now the president of Bos-
ton University. Some of the church-going residents of
the village continued their attendance at the churches in
Medford, but the newer arrivals found it inconvenient to
do so, and these with the more aged found the village
service attractive, while the Mystic Sabbath School
which had been organized a few years earlier, and two
years later became Congregational, was well attended by
the children and youth.
The onlv social organization of mv knowledge was
the West Medford Lyceum and Library Association,
which was incorporated in 1S52. During the winter of
'70-71 it had a course of lectures in Mystic Hall, as also
in previous seasons. Since then the society has had
but irregular meetings, though still legally, existent.
What remained of its library was a few years ago placed
in the Brooks School Library, where it now remains.
George G. Lincoln was its secretary and Herbert Magoun
The only business enterprises in West Medford in
1870 were the granite works of R. K. Carpenter, the
building business of John H. Norton and that of John
H. Duane, the florist. It could hardly be expected that
a little village of less than one hundred dwellings, many
of whose occupants were men of leisure, merchants,
brokers, retired clergymen, bookkeepers and artisans
whose places of employment were in Boston, would
abound in factories. In 1872, a mattress factory was
built on Auburn street, and operated by A. J. Kittredge
for a short time, when it was destroyed by fire. In those
days a good way to observe the citizens of the village
was to take position near the railway station about train
time, which not being as frequent as in later years would
assemble the villagers in compact gathering. To the
earlier trains would come Mr. Lothropfrom his home on
Purchase street, the Wilson brothers, whose homes have
just been removed to make room for the new church,
1905.3 WEST 'ME D.FORD IN 1870. 95
William McLean and Franz Diebold, Franz Gockeritz
and Thomas Osborn and Charles Hippisley, the printers,
John Pitman, the fat and jolly boot maker, who kept
the old curiosity shop in Brattle street, with his son Tom,
and others also. A 'little later, N. T. Merritt, S. S.
Leavitt, George M. Ritchie, Herbert Magoun, Martin
Nolte, Deacon H. L. Barnes, Nathan Brown, J. H.
Hatch, Rodney Tay, C. A. T. Bloom, George Lincoln
and the Lanes. The older Mr. Lane often came in a
four-wheeled vehicle, like himself solid and stibstantiaL
Later trains were taken by Commordore Hastings, D. A.
Gleason, Edward Hall, the veteran auctioneer, J. W.
Watts, the three Hallowell brothers, Ira Ackerman,
W. C. Craig, J. P. Richardson, C. M. Barrett, John B.
Hatch, Nathan Bridge and Luther Farwell ; while George
Spaulding, the Traveller man, H. T. Wood and Horace
A. Breed would come from their homes beyond the rail-
road. A little later the Brooks carriages would come
down from the Elms or the stone house on the hill,
or Mr. Usher, a tall and commanding personage in flow-
ing cloak and tall silk hat, would stroll leisurely out from
among the trees about his house. I had almost forgot-
ten one who came a little later than myself, but still an
early dweller then — David H. Brown, our worthy presi-
dent. Samuel Teele, Sr., lived in his house on High
street. Gilbert Lincoln and J. M. Brock were carpen-
ters by trade as was also J. H. Norton, who employed
a number of men. William Cheney and Samuel Teele
were of the same trade. Captain Wyatt, one of the
master mechanics of the canal, was a familiar figure
upon the street, though bowed upon his long staff by the
weight of ninety years. Albert Samson lived on Canal
street and was bookkeeper for Foster & Co ; and Thomas
Martin, who set out many of the trees on Grove street
and built many cellars, lived in the old Canal House.
Patrick Byron was the former superintendent of the
Gorham Brooks estate, Dennis Harrigan, the section
master of the railroad. A. B. Morss lived near Woburn
street and later printed the CJironicle.
96 WEST MED FORD IN 1870. [Oct.
Rev. Charles Brooks, the able historian of Medford,
Rev. D. A. Wasson, the radical preacher, Abner J.
Phipps of the Board of Education, and Jefferson Has-
call, d.d., were then also residents. Mr. Cross was the
master at the Brooks school and Miss Ellen Lane one
of the teachers. Of the women of the village I can say
but little, but must allude to Miss Lucy Ann Brooks
and Mrs. Usher, each in their own way rich in good
works, and " Auntie " Cheney, a veritable mother in
A little later comers were B. C. Leonard, H. B. Cot-
tage, Gardner Chapin, Herman Judkins, and others whom
time forbids to mention.
1S72 marked the organization of churches, and the
call for more school accommodations, while a few fires
emphasized the need of something more than the an-
cient hose carnage for protection. New dwellings and
churches were built, new residents came, stores were
opened, and the growing village demanded new avenues
of travel. The solid stone piers and abutments of the
canal viaduct invited Boston avenue, while Auburn street
put up a rival claim. The result was that the river was
crossed in both places, opening the Llillside and Cotting
street districts. Not a rapid, but a healthy growth has
marked the section I have described and so gradually
that only the flight of time brings it vividly to notice.
On the slope of the Hillside and on the level plain
trees planted by private munificence and public expense
(since Arbor Day obtained recognition) are rapidly add-
ing shade and beauty to the growing section. The same
giant sycamores stand guard before the Jonathan Brooks
homestead, and reach out their arms in benediction
upon the passers, while at Mystic street the vista of
beauty seen as I looked all four ways in '70 is grown
more beautiful by the lapse of years.
The city of Medford is estimated to have had in Janu-
ary, 1904, a population of 21,500, with number of voters
registered, 3,659 ; or six inhabitants to one voter.
1905.] WEST MED FORD IN 1870. 97
Ward Six, west of A list on street and Hillside, west of
railroad, 6S1 voters. 6X681—4,086.
Part of Ward Three, east of Allston street and west
of Meetinghouse Brook and up Winthrop street (to con-
form to West Medford of '70), contains about 120
houses. If averaging five residents, would add 600 to
In 1870 there were 13+10=23 houses on High street,
between Meetinghouse Brook and Lowell Railroad ;
26+28 : =54 on side streets and 20 west of railroad, mak-
ing 97. If averaging six occupants, would give a total
population of 582. As there was but one of the Smith
estate houses occupied, and that by only two persons, it is
fair to presume that the population in '70 was about 500.
Calling the present estimated population of the same area
4,500, the rate of increase is as nine to o?ie.
Without wearying my audience with any further array
of statistics, I will only say that the increase in every
thing that goes to make up the civil, religious and edu-
cational, as well as the social, economic, and generally
comfortable features of life, have kept pace with the
growth alluded to.
And now let me say in closing, thanking you for your
patient hearing, and deeming it an honor to have the
opportunity of thus presenting this to you, that as I
have read these names, I am reminded that while a few
still remain, some have removed, while many have joined
the great majority and rest from their labors. Each, in
his way, bore some part in making the West End what
it is. Last Sunday I ascended the stone tower on I last-
ing Heights, and surveyed a scene of rare beauty, one
section of a city of homes that has arisen in the average
length of a human life. I thought of the village to
which I came thirty-four years ago today, and rejoiced
that it has been my lot to live therein, to know some-
thing of its people, to build some of its dwellings and
one of its churches, and to be a citizen of Medford — "a
citizen of no mean city."
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CAPTAIN ISAAC HALL.
By Hall Gleason.
[Read before the Medford Historical Society, March 20, 1905.]
TSAAC HALL, son of Andrew and Abigail (Walker)
JL Hall, was born at Medford, January 24, 1739, in the
house now standing at the corner of High street and
His father died when he was eleven years of age, and
he continued to live there with his mother, who took the
estate as part of her dower. The estate is described as
bounded southerly by the country road, westerly on
Henry Fowle's land, easterly on land of Thomas Sea-
comb and Joseph Thompson, Thompson was a royal-
ist at the time of the revolution and his estate was con-
fiscated by the state and sold to Thomas Patten. The
dower estate is also described in a later deed from Ben-
jamin Hall, who acquired the property, to Ebenezer
Hall, his brother, who bought of him the estate lately
owned by Mrs. Thomas S. Harlow. In this deed the
five foot passageway between the houses, as it now
exists, is described.
Isaac was employed by his brother, Benjamin Hall, a
distiller, until January 27, 1775, when he was taken into
partnership, and we find a record of the purchase of a
distillery from J no. Dexter by the firm.
October 8, 1761, Isaac was married to Abigail, daugh-
ter of Ebenezer and Sarah (Cutter) Cutter of Medford,
and he and his bride, lived with the widowed mother
until her death in 1785, in the dower house, and here
eight children were born to them. In the administra-
tion of the widow's estate are these items.
"With rent of her dower 21 years rec d of Isaac Hall
" Pd. Isaac Hall for boarding widow 21 years, and
nursing, and repairs on house, being the whole time of
her widowhood, ,£649-17-2."
,1905.] CAPTAIN ISAAC HALL. 101
Isaac was the captain of the Medford Minute Men;
and when the storm of war which had been gathering
broke at last, the men of Medford were among the first
to respond and perform their share in the War for Inde-
pendence. Paul Revere in his personal narrative tells
how he had crossed the river, passing the British man-
of-war Somerset; had mounted Deacon Larkin's horse
and started on his ride, intending to pass over Charles-
town Neck and over through Cambridge. Near what
is now Sullivan Square he met two British officers who
tried to stop him. He turned and pushed for the Med-
ford road, and got clear of them. He says, " I went
through Medford over the bridge and up to Menotomy.
In Medford I waked the Captain of the Minute Men,
and after that, I alarmed almost every house till I got to
Miss Helen T. Wild in her History of Medford in the
Revolution says, " Capt n Hall and his company marched
to Lexington and there joined Capt n John Brooks and
his Reading company .... The combined companies
met the British at Merriam's Corner and followed them
to Charlestown Ferry, continuing their fire until the last
of the troops had embarked." The Medford company
was in the 37th Mass. Regiment, commanded by Col.
Thos. Gardner. In the account of the Battle of Bunker
Hill in his Siege of Boston, Frothingham says, " After
the British landed, this regiment (Gardner's) was sta-
tioned in the road leading to Lechmere's Point, and late
in the day was ordered to Charlestown. On arriving at
Bunker Hill, General Putnam ordered part of it to assist
in throwing up defences commenced at this place. One
company (Harris') went to the rail fence. The greater
part under the lead of their colonel on the third attack
advanced towards the redoubt On the way, Colonel
Gardner was struck by a ball, which inflicted a mortal
wound." The loss of the regiment in this battle was six
killed, seven wounded.
September 1, 1775, Isaac Hall was discharged to or-
102 CAPTAIN ISAAC HALL. [Oct.
ganize another company of men from Medford, Stone-
ham and other adjoining towns. With this company
he marched to Dorchester Heights in March, 1776.
During 1775 anc ^ 1 77& he acted as commissary for the
troops that were quartered here. His business affairs
had evidently suffered from his absence on military
duties. He and his brothers also lost large sums from
furnishing the government with rum and other medical
and military supplies, and receiving payment in a con-
stantly depreciating currency. In 177S he was assessed
for a tax of about ^"30 in gold. In 17S9, the year of his
death, his tax had decreased to £4 in currency. In 1787
he sold his distillery to his brother Eben r , and all that
was not conveyed to him he sold to J. C Jones. In
August, 1789, he disposed of the remainder of his prop-
erty to Eben r .
He took an active part in town affairs, and served as
a town officer in different capacities from 1765 to 1789,'
the year of his death. He held, at different times, the
office of engine-man, wood corder, salt-measurer, asses-
sor, and fire-warden. At a town meeting held in May,
1789, it was "voted to petition the General Court for a
•lottery, to widen the bridge and pave the market place,
so called." Isaac Hall was appointed a member of the
Among his friends was Col. Isaac Royal, who " halted
between two opinions respecting the revolution, until
the cannonading at Lexington drove him to Newbury-
port and then to Halifax." In Brooks' history of Med-
ford is an account of an examination respecting the
political behavior of Colonel Royal. Among the per-
sons examined was Captain ' Isaac Hall, who declared:
" That the winter before said battle (Lexington) he went
to settle accounts with said Royal at his house ; and
that said Royal showed him his arms and accoutrements
(which were in very good order), and told him that he
determined to stand for his country," etc.
Isaac Hall died November 24, 1789. A sword, said
1905.] CAPTAIN ISAAC HALL. 103
to be the one he carried at Lexington and Bunker Hill,
is in the possession of Jas. L. Hall of Kingston, Mass.
It was left him by Mrs. Susan M. Pitch, who received
it from her grandfather, Eben r Hall, a brother of Isaac.
The tablet is not intended to perpetuate any remark-
able military achievements of valor of Captain Isaac
Hall, though he performed his part in those heroic con-
tests which gave confidence to the colonists in their
resistance to oppression. It is more that Medford de-
sires to honor all the men who helped her to take so
important share in the early battles of the war which
gave birth to the nation, and which has meant freedom
for the whole English speaking race.
Mr. Charles Francis Darling of Worcester has found
in the Connecticut Records the marriage of Manning
Francis and Sarah Ginnings at Windham, April i, 1772.
Eight children were born to them between 1773 and
Manning was the son of John and Deborah, of Med-
ford, born November 20, 1748. This does not accord
with Medford Historical Register, vol. 8, page 39.
There was another child, Manning, in this family, born
January 3, 1747; died September 6, 1748.
Manning Francis served as express conductor in the
Revolution. See Connecticut Revolutionary Records,
page 628. All trace of him is lost in Windham records
after 1808. The name Francis is also found in the
records of Canterbury, Conn.
THE TWO HUNDRED SEVENTY-FIFTH ANNIVERSARY.
In June, 1905, the two hundred seventy-fifth birthday
of Medford was celebrated with appropriate civic, literary
and religious ceremonies. All historic sites were duly
designated and the markers remain to assist the pilgrim
in search of ancient lore. The buildings in all parts of
the city were beautifully decorated, and the square was
bright ' with bunting by day, and aflame with many
electric lights by night.
On June 14, flag day, the Massachusetts Sons of the
Revolution placed on the grounds belonging to the
house (standing today almost unchanged) where Captain
Isaac Hall of the Medford minute men lived, a bronze
tablet upon a boulder of Medford granite. The tablet
was unveiled by Vernon Rowland Hall, 2d, the youngest
male representative of the family of Hall in the city, and
bears the following inscription : —
OX THIS SITE LIVED
CAPTAIN ISAAC HALL
WHO COMMANDED THE MEDFORD MINUTE MEN
AT LEXINGTON AND BUNKER HILL
PAUL REVERE STOPPED HERE
ON HIS MEMORABLE RIDE TO CONCORD APRIL lS-19, 1775
TO WARN CAPTAIN HALL
THAT THE BRITISH SOLDIERS WERE ON THE MARCH.
PLACED BY THE MASSACHUSETTS SOCIETY
SONS OF THE REVOLUTION
JUNE 14, I905
June 15, the Opera House was the scene of a most
inspiring service. An oration was delivered by Rev.
Nehemiah Boynton of Brooklyn, N. Y., and Hon. Wil-
liam Everett, a descendant of the Brooks family of Med-
ford, recited an original poem. The Tufts College Choir
furnished the vocal music. Mr. David H. Brown, Presi-
dent of the Medford Historical Society, and Hon. M. F.
Dwyer, Mayor, spoke appropriate words of welcome,
Judge William dishing Wait presiding.
Thursday evening the armory presented a scene of
1905.] THE 27 o Til ANNIVERSARY. 105
beauty and festivity which will be long remembered by
the five hundred men and women who were privileged
to be present at the banquet which was given there.
Patriotic exercises by the schools of the city were held
on Friday, June 16. It is to be regretted that no hall
was large enough to accommodate audiences of children
of larger growth, as the. interesting programs were pre-
sented with great enthusiasm by the pupils. The ex-
hibitions of manual work at the high school building
were a revelation to those unacquainted with modern
methods of education.
Friday afternoon the Massachusetts Sons of the Amer-
ican Revolution dedicated a tablet placed on the Savings
Bank building, in honor of Governor John Brooks. It
bears the inscription : —
OX THIS SITE STOOD THE HOUSE OF
BORN 1752 JOHN BROOKS DIED 1S25
DISTINGUISHED CITIZEN, PHYSICIAN, PATRIOT
CAPTAIN AN*D MAJOR I775-1776 LIEUTENANT COLONEL 1776-1783
IN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
BRIGADIER GENERAL I792-I796 UNITED STATES ARMY
MAJOR GENERAL 17S6-I796 ADJUTANT GENERAL 1813-1816
GOVERNOR OP" THE COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS
HONORARY A.M., M.D., AND LL.D., OVERSEER
THIS TABLET PLACED BY
THE MASSACHUSETTS SOCIETY SONS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
A water carnival on Mystic Lake, Friday evening,
attracted a large gathering to witness the fairy-like dis-
play. On Saturday, a grand parade of the military,
civic and industrial departments of the city, with visit-
ing organizations and floats representing the mercantile
interests of the city was the attraction of the morning.
Athletic sports, an illumination and a band concert in
the evening rounded out the day's festival.
All through the celebration at the Royall Mouse,
106 THE 2 7 5 TH AN XI VER SA R 1 '.
the Historical Rcoms and the Public Library the per-
manent historical collections were augmented by val-
uable loans for the occasion. At the Royall House,
articles of furniture, china and relics of colonial days
were arranged in such a way that they seemed the
ordinary furnishings of a pre-revolutionary mansion.
At the Historical Rooms the exhibit was more local,
and ancient silver, family relics, and portraits of men
of the past generation were of great interest to those
whose youth was spent in our old town. At the Library,
books and pictures, by Medford residents, and portraits
The Medford Mercury published a souvenir called
" Medford, Past and Present," to which many students
of local history contributed.
On Sunday, June iS, the celebration closed with
special exercises at all the churches, and two grand
services of song, one at the Mystic Church, and the
other at the Opera House.
The week was one of good fellowship and happy re-
unions of families and friends long parted. The citizens
co-operated in making the city beautiful with harmonious
decorations; many strangers, as well as former residents,
were in the city, and through the whole gala time not
an arrest was made, no disturbance was reported, nor
accident happened to mar the pleasure of the occasion.
Public buildings were closed for business, but hospitably
open to all visitors. It was distinctively a Medford jubilee.
The orator, the poet, the vocalists, the various speakers,
even the inanimate objects in the loan exhibitions were
selected because they had been or were connected with
the life of the town. No one who attended any of the
public exercises or assisted in family reunions failed to
realize the tie of brotherhood which binds us all together,
or to thank God for the fathers and mothers who seemed
to speak to us, bidding us to guard sacredly the honor
of our old town as they had cherished it in the years